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the Taino

the first people Columbus met living in the Bahama Islands in the Atlantic Ocean.

San Salvador

On his first voyage, Columbus named the island he found__________________.

Holy Savior

San Salvador means____________________.


Columbus claimed this island for _______________.

Columbian exchange

The movement of people, plants, animals, an germs across the Atlantic Ocean to the Americas.

horses, potatoes, maize, sugar, and diseases

5 most important items in the Columbian exchange

Hernando Cortes

the person the King of Spain asked to lead an expedition to Mexico

Dona Maria

the Indian woman Hernando Cortes met on his way to Tenochtitlan


Dona Maria helped convince many ______________, who were enemies of the Aztec, to join with Cortes' armies in battle


Hernando Cortez defeated the ___________.

better weapons and Dona Marina convinced the Indians to help Cortez defeat the Aztecs

2 reasons the Spaniards were able to defeat the Aztecs

Ferdinand Magellan

a sea captain who was the first to sail around the world (circumnavigate)


Inca ruler who was defeated by Pizarro


African scout who explored the southwest

Franciso Coronado

Spanish conquistador who led a group looking for gold in the southwest


an elderly African slave who escaped and stayed in hiding for 30 years


Indians who stayed in New Spain worked on ______________________.


large pieces of land given to the colonists by Spain

Protector of the Indians

Bartoleme de Las Casas became known as __________________ and defended the rights of the Indians

Mexico City

When Hernando Cortes began to rebuild Tenochtitlan, this new city would be named ____________________.


Life for the Indians in New Spain was very __________________.

spices, silk, and gold

3 things Columbus wanted to find a quicker route to Asia to bring back

King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella

Columbus' voyage was paid for by __________ and___________ of Spain

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