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CH 12 Emotions, Stress, and Health
Terms in this set (33)
According to the Cannon-Bard theory, (a) our physiological response to a stimulus (for example, a pounding heart), and (b) the emotion we experence (for example, fear) occur ________________ (simultaneously/sequantially). According to the James-Lange theory, (a) and (b) occur ____________ (simultaneously/sequentially)
first the physiological response, and then the experienced emotion
according to Schachter and Singer, two factors lead to our experience of an emotion: (a) physiological arousal and (b) ____________ appraisal
emotion researchers have disagreed about whether emotional responses occur in the absence of cognitive processing. How would you characterize the approach of each of the following researchers: Zajonc, LeDoux, Lazarus, Schachter, and Singer?
Zajonc and LeDoux: we experience emotions without any conscious, cognitive appraisal
Lazarus, Schachter, and Singer: emphasized the importance of appraisal and cognitive labeling in our experience of emotion
The ____________-______________ theory of emotion maintains that our emotional experience occurs after our awareness of physiological response
assume that after returning from an hour-long run, you recieve a letter saying that your scholarship application has been approved. The two factor theory of emotion would predict that your physical arousal will
intensify your happiness
Zajonc and LeDoux have maintained that some emotional reactions occur before we have had the chance in consciously label or interpret them. Lazarus noted the importance of how we appraise events. These psychologists differ in the emphasis they place on ______________ in emotional responses
does a polygraph measure, and why are its results questionable
measures emotion-linked physiological changes, such as in perspiration, heart rate, and breathing. But the measure cannot distinguish between emotions with similar physiology (such as anxiety and guilt)
______________ (women/men) report experiencing emotions more deeply, and they tend to be more adept at reading nonverbal behavior
are people more likely to differe culturally in their interpretations of facial expressions, or of gestures
when people are induced to assume fearful expressions, they often report feeling some fear. This result is known as the _________ effect
Aiden has a bad cold and finds himself shuffling to class with his head down. How might his posture, as well as his cold, affect his emotional well-being?
Aiden's droopy posture could negatively affect his mood thanks to the behavior feedback effect, which tends to make us feel the way we act
which one of the following is an effective strategy for reducing angry feelings
wait or "simmer down"
which of the following factors does NOT predict self-reported happiness
one of the most consisten findings of psychological research is that happe people are also
more likely to help others
______________ psychology is a scientific field of study focused on how humans thrive and flourish
After moving to a new apartment, you find the street noise irritatingly loud, but after a while, it no longer bothers you. This reaction illustrates the
A philosopher observed that we cannot escape envy, because there will always be someone more successful, more accomplished, or richer with whom to compare ourselves. In psychology, this observation is embodied in the ___ ___ principle.
the stress response system: when alerted to a negative, uncontrollable event, our ____________nervous sytem arouses us. Heart rate and respiration ________________ (increases, decreases). Blood is diverted from digestion to the skeletal ____________. The body releases sugar and fat. All this prepares the body for the _______-_______-_________ response
the field of ___________ studies mind-body interactions, including the effects of psychological, neural, and endocrine functioning on the immune system and overall health
what general effect does stress have on our health?
stress tends to reduce our immune system's ability to function properly, so that higher stress generally leads to greater risk of physical illness
which component of the Type A personality has been linked most closely to coronary heart disease?
feeling angry and negative much of the time
The number of short-term illnesses and stress-related psychological disorders was higher than usual in the months following an earthquake. Such findings suggest that
experiencing a very stressful event increases a person's vulnerability to illness
which of the following is NOT one of the three main types of stressors
Selye's general adaptation syndrome consists of an alarm reaction followed by ______________, then ____________
research has shown that people are at increased risk for cancer a year or so after experiencing significant stress or bereavement. Ind describing this link, researchers are quick to point out that
stress does not create cancer cells, but it weakens the body's natural defense against them
to cope with stress when we feel in control of our world, we tend to use ______________ (emotion/problem)-focused strategies. To cope with stress when we believe we cannot change a situation, we tend to use _________________(emotion/problem)-focused strategies
what are some of the tactis we can use to successfully manage the stress we cannot avoid?
aerobic exercise relaxation procedures, relaxation and meditation, and religious engagement
when faced with a situation over which you feel you have little control, you are more likely to turn to ________ (emotion/problem)-focused coping
Seligman's classic research showed that a dog will respond with learned helplessness if it has received repeated shocks and has had
no control over the shocks
When elderly patients take an active part in managing their own care and surroundings, their morale and health tend to improve. Such findings indicate that people do better when they experience an ___________ (internal/external) locus of control.
People who have close relationships are less likely to die prematurely than those who do not, supporting the idea that
social support has a beneficial effect on health
Because it triggers the release of mood-boosting neurotransmitters such as norepinephrine, serotonin, and the endorphins, _________ exercise raises energy levels and helps alleviate depression and anxiety.
research on the faith factor has found that
religiously active people tend to outlive those who are not religiously active
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