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33 terms

Judaism and Christianity Set 1: Judaism and Vocab

These flash cards will help you study for the unit test on 10/12/11
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Abraham
First monotheistic person
Father of Isaac (by Sarah) and Ishmael (by Hagar)
Considered father of the three major monotheistic religions - Judaism, Islam, and Christianity
The Middle East
A REGION that includes parts of Asia and Africa, as well as the birthplace of Christianity, Judaism, and Islam.
Jerusalem
The Jewish holy city
Torah
Jewish holy text
Hebrew
The original language of the Jewish religion
Also, what the Jews were called before they were called Jews.
Sarah
Abraham's wife
Mother of Isaac
Hagar
Abraham's second wife and slave
Mother of Ishmael
Isaac
Abraham's second son, with Sarah.
Credited with leading the Jews.
Ishmael
Abraham's first son, with Hagar.
Credited with being the first Arab.
The Bible
Christian holy text.
Includes old and new testament.
doctrine
the teachings and/or laws of a religion or society
to influence
to persuade a person to some action
fundamental
of extreme importance; basic and necessary
basis
the foundation or basic principal on which something is established
to justify
to prove or show to be just, right, or legal
to prohibit
to forbid
to found
to start or establish
concept
a big idea
prophet
a person chosen to speak for a god
to maintain
to keep things the way they are
to command
to demand; to order
to persecute
to harass or mistreat one person or a group especially because of their race or religion
to oppress
to unfairly take away rights of a group of people to show one's power
monotheistic
a doctrine or belief that there is only one god
polytheistic
a doctrine or belief that there are many gods
matriarch
a female leader of a family or community
patriarch
a male leader of a family or community
BCE
Before the Common Era (aka BC)
CE
Common Era (aka AD)
matriarch or matriarchy (give the adjective form)
matriarchal (give a noun form)
patriarchy (give the adjective form)
patriarchal (give a noun form)
maternal grandfather
Your mother's father
paternal grandmother
Your father's mother