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lack of mature erythrocytes caused by inability to absorb vitamin B12 into the body
sickle cell anemia
hereditary condition characterized by abnormal sickle shape of erythrocytes and by hemolysis
inherited defect in the ability to produce hemoglobin, usually seen in persons of Mediterranean background
excessive bleeding caused by hereditary lack of blood clotting factors necessary for blood clotting
chronic myelogenous (myelocytic) leukemia (CML)
both mature and immature granulocytes are present in large numbers in the marrow and bloodstream
chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)
abnormal numbers of relatively mature lymphocytes predominate in the marrow, lymph nodes, and spleen
infectious disease marked by increased numbers of leukocytes and enlarged cervical lymph nodes
complete blood count (CBC)
determination of numbers of blood cells, hemoglobin concentration, hematocrit, and red cell values - MCH, MCV, MCHC
red blood cell morphology
microscopic examination of a stained blood smear to determine the shape of individual red cells
hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
peripheral stem cells from a compatible donor are administered to a recipient
autologous bone marrow transplantation - patient serves as his or her own donor for stem cells
absolute neutrophil count - this is the total WBC times a measure of the number of neutrophils present in the blood
disseminated intravascular coagulation - bleeding disorder marked by reduction in blood clotting factors due to their use and depletion for intravascular clotting
granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor - promotes myeloid progenitor cells with differentiation to granulocytes
hairy cell leukemia - abnormal lymphocytes accumulate in bone marrow, leading to anemia, thrombocytopenia, neutropenia, and infection
mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration - average concentration of hemoglobin in a single red cell
Sequential Multiple Analyzer Computer - an automated chemistry system that determines substances in serum
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