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is the total of knowledge attitudes and behavior shared by and passed on by the members of a specific group


a group that shares a geographic region, a common language, and a sense of identity and culture

ethnic group

a specific group that share a language, customs, and a common heritage

culture trait

any trait of human activity acquired in social life and transmitted by communication

culture realm

a geographic region where traits maintain homogeneity


taking existing technology and resources and creating something new to meet


the spread of ideas, inventions, or patterns of behavior

cultural hearth

is a site of innovation from which basic ideas, materials, and technology diffuse to many cultures


occurs when a society changes because it accepts or adopts an innovation


becoming part if a new culture

language families

between 3,000 and 6,500


reflects changes in speech patterns to class, region, or other cultural changes


a mixed version of two languages used in info exchanges between people speaking different languages


when pidgin becomes the primary language

lingua franca

a third language adopted by 2 groups speaking different language


with a belief in one god


with a belief in many gods

universalizing religion

a traditional, often with a belief in divine forces in nature

population pyramid

a graphic device that shows sex and age distribution of population

birth rate

is the number of live births per thousand population

fertility rate

shows the average number of children a woman of childbearing years would have in her lifetime

mortality rate

also called the death rate-is the number of deaths per thousand people

infant mortality rate

shows the number of deaths among infants under age one per thousand live births

rate of natural increase

population growth rate

population density

to understand how heavily populated an area is

carrying capacity

the number of organisms a piece of land can support

push factors

causes someone to leave a location

pull factors

to make people chose to go to a place

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