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28 terms

unit 3-culture and population

STUDY
PLAY
culture
is the total of knowledge attitudes and behavior shared by and passed on by the members of a specific group
society
a group that shares a geographic region, a common language, and a sense of identity and culture
ethnic group
a specific group that share a language, customs, and a common heritage
culture trait
any trait of human activity acquired in social life and transmitted by communication
culture realm
a geographic region where traits maintain homogeneity
innovation
taking existing technology and resources and creating something new to meet
diffusion
the spread of ideas, inventions, or patterns of behavior
cultural hearth
is a site of innovation from which basic ideas, materials, and technology diffuse to many cultures
acculturation
occurs when a society changes because it accepts or adopts an innovation
assimilation
becoming part if a new culture
language families
between 3,000 and 6,500
dialect
reflects changes in speech patterns to class, region, or other cultural changes
pidgin
a mixed version of two languages used in info exchanges between people speaking different languages
creole
when pidgin becomes the primary language
lingua franca
a third language adopted by 2 groups speaking different language
monotheistic
with a belief in one god
polytheistic
with a belief in many gods
universalizing religion
a traditional, often with a belief in divine forces in nature
population pyramid
a graphic device that shows sex and age distribution of population
birth rate
is the number of live births per thousand population
fertility rate
shows the average number of children a woman of childbearing years would have in her lifetime
mortality rate
also called the death rate-is the number of deaths per thousand people
infant mortality rate
shows the number of deaths among infants under age one per thousand live births
rate of natural increase
population growth rate
population density
to understand how heavily populated an area is
carrying capacity
the number of organisms a piece of land can support
push factors
causes someone to leave a location
pull factors
to make people chose to go to a place