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A area of land almost completely surrounded by water and connected to the mainland by a narrow strip of land
3000 to 1100 BC
Lived on the Island of Crete
Had an advanced culture
Defeated by Mycenaeans
Rule by Aristocrats, the Tyrants, the Democracy
Started 750 BC
Athens was most fully developed democracy
Only men could be citizens
594 BC Solon ruled
In ancient Greece a sacred site where a god or goddess was consulted; any priest or priestess who spoke for the gods
Someone who uses reason to understand the world, in Greece the earliest philosophers used reason to explain natural events
Golden Age Characteristics
479 - 431 BC
Philosophers and arts flourished
Democracy reached it's highest point
Athens was wealthy, the collected tribute payments
Greeks worshipped a family of gods known as Twelve Olympians
Zeus was king of Gods
Went to oracles which were sacred sites for advice
A temple for the goddess Athena
Temples were built to honor gods
Located in Acropolis the religious center of Athens
A war fought between Athens and Sparta in ancient GreecE involving almost every other Greek city state; Athens was weakened by a plague
Equal army to Athens
Not as many achievements as Athens
Conquered neighboring city states and people became helots or servants
Children were trained as soldiers
Alexander the Great
A king of Macedonia from 336 to 323 BC; conqueror of Persia and Egypt and invader of India
Describing Greek history or culture after the death of Alexander the Great including the three main kingdoms formed by the breakup of Alexanders empire
After Alexanders death the empire declined
Broke into three main kingdoms which were like Greek cities
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