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41 terms

Chapter 6

Ancient greece
STUDY
PLAY
Peninsula
A area of land almost completely surrounded by water and connected to the mainland by a narrow strip of land
Acropolis
The fortified or strengthened hill of an ancient Greek city
Aristocrat
A member of a rich and powerful family
Tyrant
A ruler who takes power by force
Democracy
A form of government in which citizens govern themselves
City-states
Villages that join together close to an acropolis
Geography of Greece
A peninsula, mountainous, and small rocky islands
Two early Greek civilizations
Minoans and Mycenaeans
Minoans
3000 to 1100 BC
Bronze Age
Lived on the Island of Crete
Sea traders
Had an advanced culture
Defeated by Mycenaeans
Mycenaeans
1400 BC
Lived on the mainland
Gained their power thru trade and conquering
Greek Dark Ages
1100 BC to 750
People were poor
Not a lot of trading
Rule by Aristocrats, the Tyrants, the Democracy
Started 750 BC
Athens was most fully developed democracy
Only men could be citizens
594 BC Solon ruled
Oracle
In ancient Greece a sacred site where a god or goddess was consulted; any priest or priestess who spoke for the gods
Philosopher
Someone who uses reason to understand the world, in Greece the earliest philosophers used reason to explain natural events
Tragedy
A type of serious drama that usually ends in disaster for the main character
Tribute
A regular payment made to a powerful state or nation by a weaker one
Golden Age Characteristics
479 - 431 BC
Philosophers and arts flourished
Democracy reached it's highest point
Athens was wealthy, the collected tribute payments
Religious beliefs
Greeks worshipped a family of gods known as Twelve Olympians
Zeus was king of Gods
Built temples
Went to oracles which were sacred sites for advice
3 important philosophers
Socrates, Plato and Aristotle
Parthenon
A temple for the goddess Athena
Temples were built to honor gods
Located in Acropolis the religious center of Athens
Arts in Greece
Temples For their Gods ( like Parthenon)
Dramas (tragedies)
Athens
Citystate in ancient Greece; capital of modern day Greece
Agora
A public market and meeting place in an ancient Greek city
Vendor
A seller of goods
Slavery
Condition of being owned by someone else and forced to work
Public life
Boys went to school
Men went to the Agora
There were public buildings, like prisons
Private life
Homes were plain
Simple meals
Women's stayed at home with no rights
Helot
A member of a certain class of servants in ancient Sparta
Sparta
A city state in southern part of ancient Greece
Peloponnesian War
A war fought between Athens and Sparta in ancient GreecE involving almost every other Greek city state; Athens was weakened by a plague
Plague
A wide spread disease
Blockade
An action taken to isolate an enemy and cutoff it's supplies
Sparta life
Harsh life
Equal army to Athens
Not as many achievements as Athens
Conquered neighboring city states and people became helots or servants
Children were trained as soldiers
Battle of Marathon
Athens vs Persia
Persia had more soldiers but lost
Barbarian
A wild uncivilized person
Assassinate
To murder for political reasons
Alexander the Great
A king of Macedonia from 336 to 323 BC; conqueror of Persia and Egypt and invader of India
Hellenistic
Describing Greek history or culture after the death of Alexander the Great including the three main kingdoms formed by the breakup of Alexanders empire
Alexanders empire
Son of King Philip
He conquered many cities
After ruling for only 13 yrs he died
Hellenstic Age
After Alexanders death the empire declined
Broke into three main kingdoms which were like Greek cities
Egypt
Alexandria was the capital; greatest city
Learning capital of the greek world; big library
Math and science flourished (geometry and astronomy)