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31 terms

PSYC 2000 Lesson 11

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James-Lange theory
the theory that our experience of emotion is our awareness of our physiological responses to emotion-arousing stimuli
Cannon-Nard theory
the theory than an emotion-arousing stimulus simultaneously triggers physiological responses and the subjective experience of emotion
two-factor theory
Schachter-Singer's theory that to experience emotion one must be physically aroused and cognitively label the arousal
polygraph
a machine, commonly used in attempts to detect lies, that measures several of the physiological responses accompanying emotion
subjective well-being
self-perceived happiness or satisfaction with life
adaptation-level phenomenon
our tendency to form judgements relative to a neutral level defined by our prior experience
relative deprivation
the perception that one is worse off relative to those with whom one compares oneself
emotion
response involving physical arousal, expressive behavior, and conscious experience
catharsis
emotional release
feel-good, do-good phenomenon
people's tendency to be helpful when in a good mood
increase their hostility
employees who have just been laid off are asked questions that encourage them to express hostility toward their employer. Research suggests that this opportunity to vent anger will
right; more
as people experience negative emotions, the __hemisphere of the brain becomes __ electrically active
opponent-process theory
according to the __ of emotion, repetitions of an emotion-arousing event tend to strengthen the experience of only the opposing emotion
emotions; cognition
evidence that people can develop an emotional preference for stimuli to which they have been unknowingly exposed has convinced Robert Zajonc that sometimes __ precedes __
cognitive labels; physical arousal
according to the 2 factor theory, the two basic components of emotions are __ and __
increased; remained almost unchanged
since the 1950s, the spendable income of Americans has __ and their self-reported personal happiness has __
sympathetic
as her professor distributed the mathematics test to the class, Alice's heart started to pound and her palms began to sweat. These physiological reactions were activated by her __ NS
fear can be learned
ever since lupe was scolded and punished by her teacher for misbehaving, lupe has been fearful of being near the teacher. This illustrates that
amygdala
our most rapid and automatic emotional responses may result from the routing of sensory input from the thalamus directly to the
eyes
Joyce and her husband both want to feel and express greater warmth and affection for each other. They would be advised to spend time looking intently at one another's
amygdala
rabbits fail to react with fear to a signal of impending shock if they have suffered damage to the
lower; relatively difficult
the level of arousal typically associated with optimal performance tends to be __ on tasks that are __
cognitive activity
the cannon-bard theory of emotion places more emphasis on the importance of __ than does the James-Lange theory
best; moderate
performance of a task is typically __ when arousal is __
increasing; decreasing
over the last 25 years, American college freshmen have expressed a(n) __ desire to be wealthy and a(n) __ desire to develop a meaningful life philosophy
adaptation-level principle
best explains why million-dollar lottery winners and paraplegics report similar levels of happiness
more willing to help others
the feel-good, do-good phenomenon refers to the fact that when people feel happy they are
James-Lange
Alexandra's mother told her, "You know you are in love when your heart beats fast and you experience that unique trembling feeling inside." This remark best illustrates the __ theory of emotion
adaptation-level principle
Rannilt was euphoric after learning of her acceptance into the med school of her choice. After a few weeks, however, she feels no emotional excitement when she thinks about her admission to med school. This change in her feelings can best be explained in terms of the
empathy
imitating another person's facial expression of emotion is most likely to facilitate
epinephrine
a hormone that increases heart rate, blood pressure, and blood sugar levels in times of emergency