Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
Crim 119 Final
Terms in this set (73)
Managers must be aware of S.Ct. rulings on corrections, State personnel, and federal and local statutes.
Cross-gender searches in corrections facilities are generally permitted in pat searches
In a tort suit arising out of prison injuries or losses, the defendant in the suit usually is the Government
In most agencies, there is NOT a separate department or specialist to manage and to advise about personnel matters.
A sheriff is NOT liable for failure to train deputies about constitutional requirements for performing their jobs
Under 42 U.S.C. 1983, individual officers and staff may be held liable for constitutional violations
It is good corrections policy to train staff, not only in the constitutional rulings but also about court rulings
Maintaining Security and Order justifies most of the restrictions which are placed pretrial detainees
The stndrd for judging the constitutionality of searches is to determine whther the searches in question were reasonable
The S. Ct found that visual searches of body cavities, performed by staff after jail visits, were necessary for security
Brown v. Lee held the sheriff was not liable for the death of a detainee, who died from an overdose of "ecstasy" drug
All of the following are accurate statements about the U.S. Supreme Court decision in Dothard v. Rawlinson (1977) except
The S.Ct. held a prima facie cases of sex discrimination should always win
The S.Ct. ruled in Houchins v. KQED that the 1st Amendment guarantees news media a right of access to jails
The S.Ct. ruled in Bell v. Wolfish and Block v. Rutherford that detainees must be present for cell searches
Since 2010, many jails have limited correspondence from and to jail inmates to postcards.
In Kingsley, the Court ruled the detainee must prove only that the use of force was objectively unreasonable.
In Block v. Rutherford, the county sheriff did not need to permit pretrial detainees to have contact visits
Bell v. Wolfish, when conditions in a jail are reasonably related to a legitimate gov interest they do not = punishment
A county may be liable when staff negligently lose an inmate's personal property, according to a Section 1983 action
A juvenile skipping school is an example of a status offense
A juvenile petition alleging that a person under 18 years of age has deficient or no family support is :
Dependency or Neglect petition
In Roper v Simmons, social purposes of retribution and deterrence were not furthered by death penalty in juvenile cases
Anderson v. County of Kern, ruled that it is necessary for jail officials to provide a translator for medical interview
The S.Ct has ruled that state laws prohibiting ex-felons from serving on state juries violates the Fourteenth Amendment.
The Federal Second Chance Act of 2007 was intended to accomplish providing released offenders with transitional programs
A pardon granted under federal law totally discharges a person from all effects of the conviction
Which of the following is not a leading contractor for operation of corrections facilities?
Brinks Correction Corp
It is generally agreed that a private company, in comparison to the government, can do which of the following?
Build a Prison faster
The type of corrections facility that has not been frequently run by private contractors is
Maximum Security Prisons
Which of the following is a particular concern, when it comes to the propriety of private companies operating prisons?
Handling riots, Disciplining Inmates, Using deadly force to stop escapes, All of the above
Which of the following are often contracted for by corrections agencies?
Construction, Food services, Medical services, all of the above
From the Middle Ages through the 18th century, jails in England were mostly run by private jailers, not by the government
Virtually all prisons and jails in the U.S. have some health services provided by private contractors.
Approximately how many offenders are released from prisons in the U.S. each year?
For which kind of offenders have their records ordinarily been sealed, and thereby kept from public examination?
The President has power to
Grant pardons, Commute sentences, place any restriction on a pardon which is granted
There is a federal statute which bans convicted felons from
Enlisting in the armed services and serving as union officer
In some states, ex-felons are barred from serving on juries.
The power to grant pardons is given in the Constitution.
In 2002, the President granted pardons to 152 persons.
There is a federal statute that bars convicted felons nationwide from voting in federal elections.
Cross-gender searches in corrections facilities are generally permitted in which of the following situations?
Pat searches and Blood testing
In corrections, the ADA affects two groups of people:
Employees and inmates, Inmates' visitors and inmates, Volunteer workers and job applicants
The ADA allows exemption for which of the following?
accommodations which would cost
In a tort suit arising out of prison injuries or losses, the defendant in the suit usually is
n most agencies, there is a separate department or specialist to manage and to advise about personnel matters.
Under 1983, only individual officers may be held liable for constitutional violations; a city may not be held liable
Under tort claims laws, the injured party can't go to court & sue the gov until his 1st administrative claim procedure
Some states have male corrections officers working in female institutions, but not vice versa.
Which is the government objective which justifies most of the restrictions which are placed on pretrial detainees
Maintaining security and order
The standard for judging the constitutionality of searches is to determine whether the searches in question were
The Supreme Court found that visual searches of body cavities, performed by staff after jail visits, were
Necessary for security reasons
The principal constitutional provision used for protecting the rights of pretrial detainees is the Eighth Amendment.
Pop. pressures in jails have risen due to ct orders which prevented sentenced inmates from being moved to state prisons.
A F. Ct. held in Strickler v. Waters that jails must provide law libraries comparable to those provided in prisons.
A 1983 action is brought against individual state officials, while a tort claim is brought against a government entity.
In Valdez v. Rosenbaum, ct ruled that it was unconstitutional to deny all social telephone calls to a jail detainee.
Cts. held that prisoners must be moved to a prison to serve their sentences. Few sentenced inmates are found in jails
The juvenile justice system in the U.S. can be traced back to
English criminal law
Which of the following is not a grounds for bringing a juvenile before a juvenile court?
Grand Jury proceedings
The most common type of offense committed by juveniles is
crimes against property
The constitutional provision which protects juveniles at their court hearings is
The Due Process Clause
As a result of Supreme Court decisions, which of the following is not required at a juvenile delinquency hearing, to mee
Right to a jury trial
The average length of a boot camp program is
4 to 5 months
For juveniles who are found to be delinquents, the most common sanction is commitment to a juvenile training school.
Because of strong juvenile court philosophy, one will never find a 15-year-old being prosecuted for rape in the United
The Supreme Court has not decided many cases dealing with the treatment of juveniles.
A significant legal concern about boot camp programs is whether they can be made accessible to persons with disabilities
Parens patriae means
Father of the country
It costs less to send an offender to a boot camp program than to send him to a regular prison.
Studies have shown that boot camp "graduates" have lower recidivism rates than those coming out of traditional prisons
Which of the following is an argument made to support the use of boot camps?
They are cheaper to run, They help reduce crowding in adult facilities, They help rehabilitate offenders
"Under our Constitution, the condition of being a boy does not justify a kangaroo court" is from the decision in
Other sets by this creator
Final Crim 118
Crim 119 Exam 2
Other Quizlet sets
exam day 1 (quiz 15)