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Ch 22 Sec 3: The Spread of Enlightenment Ideas
Terms in this set (13)
An event held by wealthy women of Paris in their mansions, where philosophers, writers, artists, scientists, and other intellects met to discuss ideas and enjoy artistic performances.
published the encyclopedia
Marie Therese Geoffrin
The most influential salon hostess of Voltaire's time; self-educated upper middle class woman; very important status with very important friends.
a grand, ornate style of art/culture in the 1600/1700s.
the art/cultural style of the 1700s; a simple and elegant style that was influenced by classical Greece and Rome.
Catherine the Great
Ruler of Russia from 1762-1796. Read the works of philosophes; in contact with Voltaire; ruled with absolute authority but took steps to reform and modernize Russia. Expanded Russia by gaining access to the Black Sea and conquering Poland.
monarchs (absolute rulers) who embraced the new ideas and made reforms that reflected the Enlightenment spirit.
Johann Sebastian Bach
A German composer who wrote in the baroque style and produced grand and dramatic pieces.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
A classical composer from Vienna, Austria who was a gifted child who gave concerts at age 5, composed an opera at age 12, and wrote over 600 works in 35 years.
Ludwig van Beethoven
A classical composer from Vienna, Austria who wrote piano music, string quartets, and symphonies. His earlier works were classical but his later style began new trends and began the Age of Romanticism.
Frederick the Great
Prussian king 1740-1786 who called himself the first servant of the state and enacted reforms including religious freedoms, reduced censorships, improved education, reformed justice system, and abolished torture. He believed serfdom was wrong yet did nothing to end it for fear of a noble revolt.
Austrian ruler 1780-1790 who enacted reforms such as legal reforms, freedom of press, freedom of worship, abolished serfdom and an order that peasants must be paid for labor in cash, and allowed middle class officials into head government positions. However, most of his laws were reversed after his death.
Ruler of Spain who lowered taxes to stimulate trade and private enterprise, abolished internal tariffs, and stopped encomienda system. His ideas were adopted and put into affect by Portugal.