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62 terms

Milady's CH. 20, Skin Diseases and Disorders.

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Acne
Skin disorder characterized by chronic inflammation of the sebaceous glands from retained secretions and Propionbacterium acnes (P. acnes) bacteria.
Albinism
Congenital leukoderma or absence of melanin pigment of the body, including the hair, skin, and eyes.
Anhidrosis
Deficiency in perspiration, often a result of fever or certain skin diseases.
Asteatosis
Condition of dry, scaly skin due to a deficiency or absence of sebum that is caused by old age and by exposure to cold.
Basal Cell Carcinoma
Most common and least severe type of skin cancer; often characterized by light or pearly nodules.
Bromhidrosis
Foul-smelling perspiration, usually noticeable in the armpits or on the feet.
Bulla
Large blister containing a watery fluid; similar to a vesicle but larger.
Chloasma
Condition characterized by increased pigmentation on the skin in spots that are not elevated.
Comedo
Hair follicle filled with keratin and sebum. When the sebum of the comedon is exposed to the environment, it oxidizes and turns black (blackheads). When the follicle is closed and not exposed to the environment, comedons are a white or cream color (whiteheads)
Crust
Dead cells that form over a wound or blemish while it is healing; an accumulation of sebum and pus, sometimes mixed with epidermal material.
Cyst
Closed, abnormally developed sac containing fluid, semifluid, or morbid matter, above or below the skin.
Dermatitis
Inflammatory condition of the skin.
Dermatitis Venenata
Also known as contact dermatitis. An eruptive skin infection caused by contact with irritating substance such as chemicals or tints.
Eczema
Inflammatory, painful itching disease of the skin, acute or chronic in nature, presenting many forms of dry or moist lesions.
Excoriation
Skin sore or abrasion produced by scratching or scraping.
Fissure
Crack in the skin that penetrates the epidermis, such as chapped hands or lips.
Herpes Simplex
fever blister or cold sore; recurring viral infection
Hyperhidrosis
Excessive sweating, caused by heat or general body weakness.
Hypertrophy
Abnormal growth of the skin.
Keloid
Thick scar resulting from excessive growth of fibrous tissue.
Keratoma
Acquired, superficial, thickened patch of epidermis commonly known as callus, caused by pressure or friction on the hands and feet.
Lentigines
Technical term for freckles. Small yellow- to brown-colored spots on skin exposed to sunlight and air.
Lesion
Mark on the skin. May indicate an injury or damage that changes the structure of tissues or organs.
Leukoderma
Skin condition characterized by light abnormal patches; caused by a burn or congenital disease that destroys the pigment-producing cells.
Macule
Spot or discoloration on the skin, such as a freckle.
Malignant Melanoma
Most serious form of skin cancer; often characterized by black or dark brown patches on the skin that may appear uneven in texture, jagged, or raised.
Milia
Benign, keratin-filled cysts that can appear just under the epidermis and have no visible opening.
Miliaria Rubra
Acute inflammatory disorder of the sweat glands, characterized by the eruption of small red vesicles and accompanied by burning, itching skin.
Mole
Small, brownish spot or blemish on the skin, ranging in color from pale tan to brown or bluish black.
Nevus
Small or large malformation of the skin due to abnormal pigmentation or dilated capillaries; commonly known as birthmark.
Papule
Pimple; small circumscribed elevation on the skin that contains no fluid but may develop pus.
Psoriasis
Skin disease characterized by red patches, covered with silver-white scales usually found on the scalp, elbows, knees, chest, and lower back, but rarely on the face.
Pustule
Inflamed pimple containing pus.
Rosacea
Chronic congestion appearing primarily on the cheeks and nose, characterized by redness, dilation of the blood vessels, and formation of papules and pustules.
Scale
Any thin plate of epidermal flakes, dry or oily, such as abnormal or excessive dandruff.
Scar or Cicatrix
Light-colored, slightly raised mark on the skin formed after an injury or lesion of the skin has healed.
Seborrheic Dermatitis
Skin condition caused by an inflammation of the sebaceous glands. Often characterized by inflammation, dry or oily scaling, or crusting and/or itchiness.
Sensitization
A greatly increased or exaggerated sensitivity to products.
Skin Tag
A small brown or flesh-colored outgrowth of the skin.
Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Type of skin cancer more serious than basal cell carcinoma; often characterized by scaly red papules or nodules.
Stain
Abnormal brown or wine-colored skin discoloration with a circular and irregular shape.
Steatoma
Sebaceous cyst or fatty tumor.
Tan
Change in pigmenation of skin caused by exposure to the sun or ultraviolet rays.
Telangiectasias
Dilation of the surface blood vessels.
Tubercle
Abnormal rounded, solid lump above, within, or under the skin; larger than a papule.
Tumor
A swelling; an abnormal cell mass resulting from excessive multiplication of cells, varying in size, shape, and color.
Ulcer
Open lesion on the skin or mucous membrane of the body, accompanied by pus and loss of skin depth.
Verruca
Technical term for wart; hypertrophy of the papillae and epidermis.
Vesicle
Small blister or sac containing clear fluid, lying within or just beneath the epidermis.
Vitiligo
Milky-white spots (leukoderma) of the skin. is hereditary and may be related to thyroid conditions.
Wheal
Itchy, swollen lesion that lasts only a few hours; caused by a blow, the bite of an insect, urticaria, or the sting of a nettle.
Rays of the sun
Approximately 80 to 85 percent of aging is caused by the?
The Collagen and Elastin Fibers
As we age what fibers of the skin naturally weaken?
Aging Rays
UVA rays are also called?
UVA Rays
What rays weaken the collagen and elastin fibers, causing wrinkling and sagging of the tissues?
Burning Rays
UVB rays are also referred to as the?
UVB rays
What rays cause sunburns or tanning of the skin?
Melanin
What is designed to help protect the skin from the sun's UV rays?
A, Asymmetry; B, Border; C, Color; and D, Diameter.
What does the A, B, C, and D, stand for in the ABCD Cancer Checklist?
Closed Comedons
Whiteheads are called?
Open Comedones
Blackheads are also known as?
City person's cancer
Malignant Melanoma is often referred to as the?