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Study Guide 10/5/11

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The Stone Age
the period of human prehistory that lasted until about 15,000 years ago, during which stone tools were the most common technology used by humans
Paleolithic
Old Stone Age when people made tools from stones and were hunters and gatherers
Paleolithic People
..., old stone age, first hnumans appear, had art, religion and primitive inventions, nomads who found ways to adapt to different environments and invented tools
Paleolithic Tools
bone, skin, wood, and stone
Ice Ages
Long periods of freezing weather when much of the earth was covered by sheets of ice
Otzi the Iceman
a dead body found in the Alps that once belonged to a man that lived in the Late Stone Age
Neolithic Times
the time when people learned to farm and herd animals and to live in villages. This change is called the Neolithic Revolution. These times are also known as the New Stone Age.
Neolithic People
lived in new stone age, farmers, used domestication
Neolithic Tools
The wheel, pottery for cooking, the plow to extend areas of cultivation
Farming Revolution
..., -5,000 years ago
- when farming became a way of life and allowed nomads to settle down and build villages
Jericho
Oldest Neolithic community in the West Bank between Israel and Jordan
Catal Huyuk
an Neolithic villiage in present day Turkey
Mesopotamia
first civilization located between the Tigris & Eurphrates Rivers in present day Iraq; term means "land between the rivers;" Sumerian culture
civilization
a complex, organized society that has advanced cities, a government, religion, record keeping and writing, job specializtion, social classes,and arts and architecture
Sumer
An ancient region of southern Mesopotamia which rose around 3300 B.C. The first empire that ruled in Mesopotamia and is credited with inventing writing.
Fertile Crescent
Found along the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, this was the first early river civilization. The cities in this area were governed by city-states and used irrigation to produced their corps.
Sumerians
the earliest known civlization; were the first to have a language and are responsible for the creation of irrigation technology, cunieform, and religious conceptions.
Sargon
leader of the akkadians, overan the summerian city-states and set up the first empire in the history
Hammarabi's code
A set of laws that were created by Hammurabi, who the king of Babylon. It was the first set of laws in writing and the laws would govern all of his state. He addressed issues such as criminal law, private rights, taxes, marriage, divorce. His laws were designed to protect the powerless, and allowed a women to own property.
Assyrians
traders and fierce warriors, capital at nienveh
Chaldeans
The new Babylonians, their king was king Nebuchadnezzar.
Babylonians
an ancient empire of Mesopotamia in the Euphrates River valley. It flourished under Hammurabi and Nebuchadnezzar II but declined after 562 B.C. and fell to the Persians in 539.
Nebuchadnezzar
A Babylonian king who conquered Jerusalem,and built the Hanging Gardens of Babylon
Babylon
the chief city of ancient Mesopotamia and capitol of the ancient kingdom of Babylonia
Persians
people from present day Turkey that conquered Babylonia
September 11th, 2011
Islamic Terroists hijack American Airlines flights and attack the Twin Towers in NYC, the Pentagon, and a failed attempt that crashed in Penn.
Al Queda
Islamic terroists group that operated out of Afghanistan and was led by Osama Bin Laden
Flight 93
The hijacked plane that crashed in an open field in Shanksville, Penn. when passengers attempted to gain control of the plane.
North Tower
the 1st tower to be hit, but the second tower to collapse
South Tower
the 2nd tower to be hit, but the first tower to collapse
George W. Bush, Jr.
The President of the United States during the time of the attacks on 9/11
Nearly 3,000
the death toll for the attacks on 9/11
Four Planes
The total number of hijacked planes that were used to carry out the attacks on 9/11