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Chapter 4 Spanish Civilization
Terms in this set (20)
What happened to the Medina Azahara in 1010?
it was destroyed by fanatical Berber tribes
By the year 1031, the Caliphate Al-Andalus had fractured into about twenty small kingdoms that were called in Arabic.
As the borders between Moorish Spain and Christian Spain constantly fluctuated as the Christian held territories slowly expanded and the Moors withdrew to the south. Kings encouraged settlement of newly reconquered lands by granting fueros. What was a fuero?
letters granting special privileges and liberties
Which three reasons made the Christian (re)conquest of land held by the Moors a very slow ordeal?
very rough terrain, climate extremes, and the Moors themselves that retaliated
Rodrigo Díaz de Vivar was a ___ better known as El Cid Campeador.
El Cantar del Mio Cid (1140) is Spain's ______.
first epic poem
What was a MOZARABIC?
A Christian person living under Arabic rule in medieval Spain.
As the kingdom of Sevilla under Arabic rule realized that it was fighting a losing battle, the decision was made to request help to fight the Christians. To whom did the Moors of Sevilla turn?
Muslim converts who were fanatics: Almoravids
As the Almoravids gained control of the southern third of the Iberian Peninsula, two groups that had
lived relatively peaceful lives under the concept of mutual tolerance began to suffer heavy persecution.
Who were they?
Christians and Jews
Alfonso VI of Castilla-Leon had two daughters. One of his daughters married Henry of Burgundy and part of her wedding dowry was a part of the Iberian Peninsula that was destined to become what country?
Today we speak, read and write Spanish, but its first form was called a Romance, which evolved from
the Latin spoken by Roman soldiers on the Iberian Peninsula, as you have already studied. Spanish is
also called "Castilian," or castellano, and the first known manuscript in Castilian written in 964 is at San Millán de Cogolla (La Rioja). This place is also known as _________.
The cradle of Castilian
What can be seen in the Cathedral of Valencia and is supposedly the same cup that was used by Jesus
at the Last Supper?
the Holy Grail
If you are somewhat familiar with the English language, then you have heard the word "grandee" used to make reference to a gentleman or a lord. It comes from the word grande, which in Spanish means large, but also "grand." The word frande is connected to another word "hidalgo". If grande means those at the top of a nobility hierarchy, then what does hidalgo mean?
a person of lower ranking noble title and a landowner
As the Christian armies began to (re)conquer lands long held by the Moors, an attitude of privilege
began to develop that centered on a type of disdain for all work that required use of the hands or the body. All physical effort to earn a living therefore had to be done by who?
Jews and Muslims
Despite losing territory as the Christians effort to re-conquer the Moorish held areas of the Iberian
Peninsula slowly showed victorious results overall, following a victory of 1195, Moorish Spain entered
what is considered the time of greatest cultural achievement in the arts, sciences, and mathematics,
etc. This period of unmatched glory took place under what fanatical Muslim tribe whose name means "unitarians"?
Who was Moses Maimonides?
great Jewish philospher and physician from Córdoba
What great battle that left thousands and thousands of Muslim warriors dead, but very few Christians, and marks the beginning of final Moorish defeat on the Iberian Peninsula--therefor marks the beginning of the end of Muslim Spain?
The Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa in 1212
With the arrival of the Moors on the Iberian Peninsula, Spanish history was changed forever with both positive and negative effects.
What was the name of Spain's wise king who was a dedicated scholar that not only wrote a history of
Spain, but also fostered a period of enlightened tolerance for those of religious persuasion other than Cristian?
The word "Mudéjar" refers to a type of architecture that blends elements from both Christian and
Muslim cultures on the Iberian Peninsula. The word also refers to a particular group of people; which?
Following the Christian (re)conquest of Muslim held territories on the Iberian Peninsula, most Moors fled, but some remained, or were allowed to remain and to continue their religious practices--these were mudéjares
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Punctuate the following paragraph, making sure to use commas and semicolons in series.\ The kitchen lacked the most basic equipment: pots and pans a colander to drain spaghetti measuring spoons potholders a table that we could use as a work surface sharp knives and bowls. We decided that for the time being we would have to rely on frozen dinners whatever we could buy in cans, such as beans corned beef tuna fish and soup and whatever prepared food we could get at the market like sandwiches and salads.
Underline the adjective clause, and circle the word or words that it modifies. A softball is larger and softer than the ball that is used for baseball.
What is the feminine singular adjective form of the verb perder?
In the blank, insert the most appropriate word . I updated my _____ to include my best papers from last term.
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