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Chapter 16 vocab APUSH
Terms in this set (21)
Harriet Beecher Stowe
novelist. wrote uncle tom's cabin, a book about a slave who is treated badly, in 1852. the book persuaded more people, particularly northerners, to become anti-slavery.
William Lloyd Garrison
prominent american abolitionist, journalist and social reformer. editor of radical abolitionist newspaper "the liberator", and one of the founders of the american anti-slavery society.
free slave in south carolina; a mulatto who inspired a group of slaves to seize charleston, south carolina in 1822, but one of them betrayed him and he and his thirty-seven followers were hanged before the revolt started.
he was a black abolitionist who called for the immediate emancipation of slaves. wrote pamphlet on black pride. he wrote the "appeal to the colored citizens of the world." it called for a bloody end to white supremacy. he believed that the only way to end slavery was for slaves to physically revolt.
slave in virginia who started a slave rebellion in 1831 believing he was receiving signs from god his rebellion was the largest sign of black resistance to slavery in america and led the state legislature of virginia to a policy that said no one could question slavery.
american abolitionist and feminist. born into slavery, she escaped in 1827 and became a leading preacher against slavery and for the rights of women.
Theodore Dwight Weld
a prominent abolitionist in the 1830's. inspired uncle tom's cabin. wrote 'American slavery as it is'. weld put together a group called the "land rebels." he and his group traveled across the old northwest preaching antislavery gospel. weld also put together a propaganda pamphlet called american slavery as it is.
Influencial writer. one of the most prominent african american figures in the abolitionist movement. escaped from slavery in maryland. he was a great thinker and speaker. published his own antislavery newspaper called the north star and wrote an autobiography that was published in 1845.
Arthur and Lewis Tappan
the brothers began to import silk from asia, and they quickly earned a sizable fortune gave money to abolistionist causes and became very stong abolitionists. founders of the american and foreign anti-slavery society; as successful businessman, they funded many antislavery activities in the 1830s and 1840s. they also supported the liberty party in the 1840s.
Elijah P. Lovejoy
american presbyterian minister, journalist, and news paper editor who was murdered by a mob for his abolitionist views
John Quincy Adams
secretary of state, he served as sixth president under monroe. in 1819, he drew up the adams-onis treaty in which spain gave the united states florida in exchange for the united states dropping its claims to texas. the monroe doctrine was mostly adams' work.
a political system governed by a few people
the militant effort to do away with slavery.
in the south, george fizhugh established the philosophy that slavery was "_________." it was believed that slavery benefited slaves by providing them with food, shelter, and often christian religion. also, fitzhugh argued that free laborers in northern factories were not treated any better than slaves.
areas in the south where cotton farming developed because of the high demand for cotton
an anti-slavery newspaper written by william lloyd garrison. it drew attention to abolition, both positive and negative, causing a war of words between supporters of slavery and those opposed.
american anti-slavery society
founded in 1833 by william lloyd garrison and other abolitionists. garrison burned the constitution as a proslavery document. argued for "no union with slaveholders" until they repented for their sins by freeing their slaves.
a euphemism for slavery and the economic ramifications of it in the american south. the term aimed to explain away the seeming contradiction of legalized slavery in a country whose declaration of independence states that "all men are created equal". it was one of the key causes of the civil war.
a political party that started during the two party systems in the 1840's.the party's main platform was bringing an end to slavery by political and legal means. the party was originally part of the american anti-slavery however; they split because they believed there was a more practical way to end slavery than garrison's moral crusade.
in 1832 theodore dwight weld went to the lane theological seminary in cincinnati, ohio. the seminary was presided over by lyman beecher. weld and some of his comrades were kicked out for their actions of anti-slavery. the young men were known as the "lane rebels." they helped lead and continue the preaching of anti-slavery ideas.
strict rule passed by prosouthern congressmen in 1836 to prohibit all discussion of slavery in the house of representatives
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