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A nutrient that is required in significant amounts of the diet. Includes proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids.
needed for cell turnover, the constant breakdown and regeneration of cells, or tissue repair
composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. divided into three groups, monosaccharides, disaccarides, and polysaccarides, makes up 60% of diet
supplies fatty acids for healthy cells, brain, and nervous system, they store energy and are necessary for insulation and protection of organs, also regulate hormones
organic substances, containing carbon, that cannot be produced by the body, they are needed in small amounts to perform specific metabolic functions
Dietary Reference Intakes
aka DRIs, recommendations of the Food and Nutrition Board of the National Academy of Sciences for intake of vitamins and minerals, emphasizes long term health
Recommended Dietary Allowance
intake that meets the nutrient need of almost all healthy individuals in a specific age and sex group
Estimated Average Requirement
intake that meets the estimated nutrient need of half the individuals in a specific group
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