Foundations of Sport and Exercise Psychology Chapter 4 Questions

Terms in this set (12)

Drive Theory - As arousal increases, so does performance.

Inverted U - Low arousal levels lead to low performance, middle arousal levels lead to highest performance, and high arousal levels again lead to low performance.

Individualized Zones - Different arousal levels impact different people in different ways.

Multidimensional - cognitive state anxiety (worry) is negatively related to performance, although somatic state anxiety is related to the inverted U model.

Catastrophe - arousal is related to the inverted-U, but only when cognitive state anxiety is low, or the athlete has low levels of worry. For someone with high cognitive anxiety, the inverted-U is followed until a certain point, when performance then drops off drastically (the catastrophe).

Reversal - Best performance comes from an individual experiencing their arousal as pleasant excitement rather than unpleasant anxiety - again, it's based on an individual, and their tendency to make quick shifts in their interpretation of arousal. This is a good theory because it incorporates one's interpretation of arousal.

Anxiety Direction/Intensity - Is associated with facilitative and debilitative anxiety. This is dependent on one's thoughts about how a certain event might go - a runner who knows he can run a certain distance and time will experience arousal as facilitative, while a person who doesn't believe, or is nervous about making a certain distance in a certain time will experience debilitative arousal. Basically, it is dependent upon the individual's perception of control.