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CPRL 110 Judaism & Buddhism
Terms in this set (162)
What is the family name (and the religion of birth) of the man who became the Buddha?
The man who eventually assumed the title "Buddha" was born to a Hindu family of the princely-warrior caste (one of the four major social strata of Hindu society). His family name was Siddhartha Guatama.
What did an astrologer predict at his birth?
His parents wanted to protect him from all suffering (even the sight of suffering) because they knew that if he experienced or saw suffering, he would give up his princely duties to seek the cause and end of human suffering.
What were the four sights that inspired Siddhartha's search for healing truth?
1. An old person
2. A sick person
3. A corpse
4. A meditating sage
What is the meaning of asceticism and what is its place in Siddhartha's search for healing truth?
The practice of a strict and simple way of living that avoids physical pleasure (e.g. fasting). It is said that SIddhartha practiced severe asceticism in the decade of his truth-search, as he believed that goal mastery of self could be achieved by denying the body physical pleasure. He eventually gave up severe asceticism, believing it was hindering, not helping, his search for truth.
What is the meaning of the title, "Buddha"?
The Awakened One
Meaning of "Nirvana"?
A total transcendence of human suffering. Literal translation: Blowing out.
What is the general date of Siddhartha's historical life?
Around 500 BCE
What is Buddhism's definition of "dharma"?
The deep truth of existence and the way to personally realizing that truth
What are the "Three Marks of Existence"?
3. No self
What is the difference between the Hindu yogis view of "atman" and Buddha's view of "anatman"?
The Hindu yogis term the True Self "atman," say the atman IS God, and say that realization of the atman is the highest state: to realize the atman is to realize the purpose of life, and be free from samsara (the round of birth and death). Like the Hindus, the Buddha affirms that the ego is an illusion, but the Buddha does NOT say the atman is God or ultimate reality. The ultimate truth is that ultimate realilty is BEYOND both the ego AND BEYOND the atman. Buddha said the ultimate truth is no-self, termed anatma. The Buddha said that the Truth has no self, and realization of this IS freedom from all self, all suffering-- it is nirvana.
Buddhist definition of the skandas and their relation to Buddhist concept of "no-self"?
The Buddha said that there are physical and psychological elements 'moving' quickly inside of us, so quickly that they appear to constitute a solid self (Buddha called these elements termed the "skandas"), but in truth, there is no self (i.e., no-self, anatman, just an illusion of a solid self.)
What are the Four Noble Truths of the Buddha?
1. Life is full of suffering.
2. Suffering is caused by craving.
3. Suffering can be ended.
4. Suffering ends through the Eight-Fold Path.
What does Buddhist mindfulness mean?
Moment by moment egoless awareness of life
What two realities do the six divisions of the Buddhist Wheel of Life represent?
They represent six dimensions of existence, visible and invisible (as in the six cities which occupy different spatial lovations). They also represent six psychological states of the mind, states that can be experienced throughout the course of an entire day, or in just one minute.
What is the Triple Jewel of Buddhism, in which Buddhists take refuge?
1. The Buddha (the example of the first Buddha, Siddhartha Gautama)
2. The Dharma (truth-teaching of Buddhism)
3. The Community (the community of Buddhists, past and present)
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