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Terms in this set (67)
Chester residents concerned about quality of life
Led by zulene mayfield, set up to fight rr&z, the Westinghouse incinerator and other companies creating pollution in Chester.
King's bench case from
Supreme Court has the right to take the case from commonwealth court
Has largest waste incinerators. Air pollution, constant loud noise. (High levels of lead in blood & cancerous components)
A result of multiple genetic and non genetic effects that may lead to uncontrolled proliferation of cells.
Defined as the estimated occurrence of adverse effect in a given population, expressed as a probability.
Looks at what health effects are caused by a specific agent
Dose response assessment
Looks at the relationship between dose and occurrence of human health effects
Refers to cultural norms and values, rules, behaviors, policies and decisions to support pro tractable communities.
First environmental law passed, EJ movement began.
Disproportionate impact of environmental hazards on communities of color/low socio economic status.
Refers to the exclusion of these communities from environmental decisions affecting their communities.
Is the movement to reverse environmental racism and focuses on improving the overall quality of life for communities of color/low social economic status.
Environment, host, toxic substance
Toxic waste and race in the United States, 1987
Conducted by United church of Christ commission for racial justice. Found that Race was the most significant variable in determining location of hazardous facilities.
Lifestyle as causation
Social situation or status as the causal element to explain environmental racism
The theory which questions whether the dangerous facility was in a given neighborhood first or the people.
A system by which the market is dictated by consumption patterns, existing legal rules, social norms, and culture.
1984 report by cerrell associates which states that companies should target small rural communities with low income, older people, low education, catholic, and involved in extractive industries.
Robert Bullard, sociologists
Through statistical analyses he he argued that racism plays a significant process selection process of waste facilities.
People must choose between jobs or health, ironically waste facilities do not hire the residents due to low education levels.
Example of environmental extortion, largest number of facilities in cancer alley yet highest unemployment.
Residential communities are down-zoned to industrial zones by biased decision makers.
Retains structural view of economic & social forces as they influence discrimination. Isolates the dynamics within decision making which further contribute to discrimination. Normalizing social factors. Impersonal & disproportionate impact.
Rev. Ben Chavis
Head of united church of christ's commission for racial justice. Called an emergency summit coined the term environmental racism. Led protest in warren county, NC
Committees on occupational safety and health
1970, attention brought to the environmental hazards faced by workers in the workplace.
Preserve the wilderness from humans
Preserve nature for human use
United farm workers
Contractual demand to ban certain pesticides, I.e. Ddt
Largest toxic waste west of Alabama, valley has the second worst air pollution.
El pueblo para el aire y agua limpio
Coalition formed to stand up against chemical waste management and stop them from building another incinerator in Kettleman.
Breathless in LA
Wilmington, CA. Air pollution due to 42% of imports coming in from the port of LA.
Los Angeles Board of Harbor Community
Community group created to fight environmental racism.
Laid to waste
Chester, Pennsylvania. Air pollution due to incinerators. High cancer, leukemia, liver.
The day the water died
Cordova, Alaska. Exxon oil spill damaged the ocean wildlife and affected their way of living and still Exxon has yet to pay a dime for damages.
9/11 forgotten heroes
Air pollution due to collapsed building, burned light bulbs and other chemicals. Air safety was not accurately disclosed to people. Lung infections, asthma.
Unequal protection against toxic waste exposure. Exclusion from decision making process. Unequal protection laws.
Toxic wastes and race in the u.s.
Published by commission for racial justice of the united church of Christ; shows that race is a factor of toxic wate exposure. By Charles lee
First national people of color environmental leadership summit. Adopted 17 point principles of environmental justice statement.
Signs executive order ordering federal agencies to abolish and prevent policies which cause disproportionate environmental hazards.
Associated environmental hazards
Biological (viruses), physical (noise), chemical (pesticides)
Adverse effects by interacting with humans or organisms and the environment in a relationship referred as toxic triangle.
Reproductive(mutagenesis), developmental (teratogenesis), neurotoxicity, immunotoxicity, cancer
Issues with applying toxicological data to the environment
Inter-species variability: different species different reactions. intra-species : different individuals within specie react different
Chemical waste management
Largest in the U.S, Kettleman residents fought them on incinerator
History of environmental movement
Dr. King travels to Memphis (civil rights and EJ). Farm worker's protest workplace safety, Native American struggle, anti-toxics movement (scientific research), academics (research) and conservationist
Chester residents concerned for Quality of life
Group built to protest against air pollution in Chester, PA. Political struggle
Factors that affect outcome of an exposure to a toxic ant
Absorption, bioavailability, bio transformation, storage, elimination
Assessment of health effects
Can be complicated due to the indirect effects of the toxic chemical that may be of equal or greater importance than the direct effects.
Assessment of exposure
May be difficult due to interaction between chemicals may make it difficult to identify and measure exposures.
Looks at which exposures are currently experienced or anticipated.
Hazardous facility must provide public participation, when trying to open a facility. Developed by local assessment county.
Padres hacia una vida mejor
Button willow, ca group that got together to fight against lockern toxic waste dump, laidlaw
As citizens we can sue for anything
Legal pluralism model
Model that best describes the idea behind the participatory decision making process
Program that receive federal funds are not allowed to discriminate
Fair housing act, not allowed to discriminate for renting/selling house
Indigenous environmental justice
Navajo Indian reservation, rejected waste tech's services "recycling facility" formed CARE
Individual transformation, community transformation, institutional transformation, larger transformation
Individual transformation (it)
When one moves from being a bystander to being a participant in a struggle.
Boyte and Evans, victim to participant (it)
Quiescence:feeling of hopelessness
Institutions allied with movement or institutions hostile to the movement. Change.
The whole movement fuses together. Movement fusion.
Participant acquires skills and knowledge. (It)
Indigenous environmental network
Coalition of 40 groups, focuses on Native American environmental issues
Components of risk assessment
Hazard Id, dose-response assessment, exposure assessment, risk characterization
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