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AP Gov Chapter 15 Vocab.

STUDY
PLAY
mass media
The entire array of organization through which information is collected and disseminated to the general public.
news media
Media providing the public with new information about subjects of public interest.
yellow journalism
A form of newspaper publishing in vogue in the late nineteenth century that feature pictures, comics, color, and sensationalized, oversimplified news coverage.
muckracking
A form of journalism, in vogue in the early twentieth century, concerned with reforming government and business conduct.
print media
The traditional form of mass media, comprising newspapers, magazines, newsletters, and journals.
broadcast media
Television, radio, cable and satellite services.
new media
Technologies, such as the Internet, that blur the line between media sources and create new opportunities for the dissemination of news and other information.
network
An association of broadcast stations (radio or television) that share programming through a financial arrangement.
affiliates
Local television stations that carry the programming of national network.
wire service
An electronic delivery of news gathered by the news service's correspondents and sent to all member organizations.
narrowcasting
Targeting media programming at specific populations within society.
blog
Web-based journal entries that provide an editorial and news outlet for citizens.
citizen journalism
The collecting, reporting, and analyzing of news content by ordinary individuals.
content regulation
Government attempts to regulate the substance of the mass media.
equal time rule
The rule that requires broadcast stations to sell air time equally to all candidates in a political campaign if they choose to sell it to any.
press release
A document offering an official comment or position.
press briefing
A relatively restricted session between a press secretary or aide and the press.
press conference
An unrestricted session between an elected official and the press.
on background
Information provided to a journalist that will not be attributed to a named source.
deep background
Information provided to a journalist that will not be attributed to any source.
off the record
Information provided to a journalist that will not be released to the public.
on the record
Information provided to a journalist that can be released and attributed by name to the source.
New York Times Co. v. Sullivan (1964)
The Supreme Court concluded that "actual malice" must be proved to support a finding of libel against a public figure.
media effects
The influence of news sources on public opinion.
agenda setting
The constant process of forming the list of issued to be addressed by government.
framing
The process by which a news organization defines a political issue and consequently affects opinion about the issue.