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Ku Klux Klan

a secret society created by white southerners in 1866 that used terror and violence to keep african americans from obtaining their civil rights

poll tax

tax required before a person can vote

literacy test

A test given to persons to prove they can read and write before being allowed to register to vote


a general pardon

grandfather clause

A part of the law that excused a voter from paying a poll tax or a literacy test if his father or grandfather had been eligible to vote on January 1, 1867

Jin Crow Laws

any of the laws legalizing racial segregation of blacks and whites that were enacted in Southern states beginning in the 1880's and enforced through the 1950's

Plessy v. Ferguson

the 1896 Supreme Court case that established the controversial "separate but equal" doctrine and legalized segregation as long as the facilities were equivalent to those provided by whites

Reconstruction amemdments

three amendments added to the Constitution during Reconstruction. 13th outlawed slavery, 14th made slaves citizens, 15th gave African American men the right to vote

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