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Cultural and physical geography terms of Latin America
Terms in this set (26)
How is Latin America divided?
Middle America, the Caribbean Islands, and South America
Sierra Madra Oriental
Are located on the eastern side of Mexico.
Sierra Madra Occidental
Are located on the western side of Mexico.
Longest mountain chain in the world. Stretches along the eastern coast of South America.
Mountain ranges that run parallel to one another.
"High plain" in South America that is encircled by the Andes Mountains
A steep cliff or slope.
Mato Grosso Plateau
Sparsely populated plateau of forests and grasslands, spreads over much of Brazil and across the west to Bolivia and Peru.
Llanos and pampas
grasslands in South America
Separates Mexico from the United States. The only river in Latin America that is not in South America.
The longest river in the Western Hempisphere at 4,000 miles long.
An area where the tide meets a river currant.
The world's highest navigable lake at 12,000 feet.
A continuous layer of leafs
The rain shadow effect of the Andes has produced this arid region in Chile. Some places in this region have never received rainfall.
"Hot land" lies at an elevation between sea level and 2,500 feet. Temperatures range from 68 to 91 F.
"Temperate land" lies at an elevation between 2,500 and 6,500 feet. Temperatures range from 60 to 72 F.
"Cold land" lies at an elevation between 6,500 and 10,000 feet. Frost are common during the winter months and some crops grow well.
People who are descended from the area's first inhabitants.
The most common language spoken in Latin America.
Portuguese is the official language of this country.
Dialects that blend elements of indigenous, European, African , and Asian languages.
Forms of language unique to a particular place or group.
Cities that have more than 10 million people. The city has absorbed surrounding cities and suburbs.
An urban area that dominates its country's economy, culture, and poltical affairs.
What were the three Native American Empires that flourished before Columbus arrived?
Aztec, Inca, and Maya
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