Chapter 17: Challenges to Government and Corporate Power
Terms in this set (50)
What was the objective of "Las Gorras Blancas"
protect rights and interests of their people in general
What was "Las Gorras Blancas?"
a terrorist group in New Mexico
what were the four case studies that showed strategies of resistance to domination of new American elite?
1. law suits brought by Chinese in California courts
2. migration of blacks from the South
3. spiritual regeneration movement among the Plains Indians
4. Las Gorras Blancas movement
what group advocated discriminatory practices toward Chinese immigrants and Chinese Americans?
Workingmen's Party of California
what was the name of the immigration screening on the west coast?
Angel Island, San Fransisco
where did a Chinese massacre occur? why?
Rock Springs, Wyoming; Chinese took advantage of mining there
what case struck down the capitation tax levied on Chinese exclusively?
Ling Sing vs. Washburn
what case ruled that the San Fran laundry licensing board had engaged in discriminatory application of the law?
Yick Wo vs. Hopkins
what was ruled by the case of Tape vs. Hurley?
San Fransisco school board could not prohibit admission of Chinese pupils
who coined the turn "New South"?
editor of the Atlanta "Constitution"
what was meant by the term "New South?"
former Confederate states were now forward-looking and embraced industrialization; diversify economy
amassed a fortune in production of machine-made cigarettes
James Buchanan Duke
center of pig iron production in the South
how much of the southern black population lived in towns and cities?
what was "Jim Crow" a term for
legalized racial segregation- loopholes in the constitution
what were Buffalo soldiers?
regiments of black soldiers assigned to duty in the West
how many blacks from northern states settled in Kansas
Woyoka's Ghost Dance found its greatest following among the
Plains Indians (Cheyenne, Sioux)
represented traditional values and dignity in the face of adversity and white dominance
last major violent encounter between Plains Indians and US Cavalry forces was at ___
Wounded Knee, South Dakota
in 1878, combined effects of economic depression and loss of grain jobs led to __
"machine breaking" across the Midwest
captured plight of farmers in northern Plains during late 1800s
Nebraska and Kansas lost half of their population due to
drought and declining wheat prices
heyday of cattlemen and huge herds ranging the plains was brought to an end by
drought and harsh winters
National Farmer's Alliance called for what four things?
1. government ownership of railroads and communication lines
2. expanded currency
3. tax reforms
4. third political party
major difference between Northern and Southern Alliances
whether or not a third party should be formed
Farmers Alliance tried to build a strong force by
joining forces with Knights of Labor
organizer for Knights of Labor and advocate for women's labor organization
Industrial owners infiltrated and broke up labor organizations by employing private security forces such as ___
Knights of Labor had most dynamic growth with ___ as their leader
Terence V. Powderly
advocate of single tax on property
what book did Henry George write?
Progress and Poverty
Book that envisioned a society in which poverty and greed had disappeared
who wrote "Looking Backward"
how did Knights of Labor take over city government in Richmond, Virginia?
forming a coalition with black republicans
what was the major issue for organized labor in the mid 1880s?
making the "Eight-hour day" standard
what did 40,000 workers across Chicago go on strike for?
to show support for eight-hour workday movement
the movement to organize labor and the Knights of Labor in particular were discredited by
association with anarchists and death of policeman in the Haymarket riots
what three things impacted owner's profits?
wages, hours, conditions
leadership of the labor organization movement was taken over by ___
American Federation of Labor
leader and founder of American Federation of Labor
book that documented hard living conditions of the working class
"How the Other Half Lives"
author of "How the Other Half Lives"
Publication of "How the Other Half Lives" led to
1. movements for slum clearance
2. passage of housing codes
3. creation of city government agencies to deal with housing issues
4. greater awareness of the living conditions of the working class
in the late 1800s, what did reformers primarily focus on?
problems confronting urban America
The Chinese succeeded in bringing what to California's natural environment?
what was the New South's economy like after the Civil War?
low wage, staple crop, based on cotton
first Indian woman to become a physician in the US
Susan La Flesche
first state to fully enfranchise women