142 terms

Basque 4: auxiliary examples

The thing about Basque that's so great is how easy it is.
STUDY
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am
naiz
[you, friend] are
haiz
[you, stranger] are
zara
is
da
[we] are
gara
[you all] are
zarete
[they] are
dira
[I] have
dut
[he] has
du
[they] have
dute
me-have-you-my-man
nauk
you-friend-have-I
haut
I-be-to-you-my-man
natzaik
you-be-to-me
hatzait
it-have-to-you-I
diat
it-have-to-me-you-my-man
didak
it-have-to-us-you-my-man
diguk
it-have-to-you-all-I
dizuet
we-be-to-you-sir
gatzaizkizu
basic root for ARD ['be', intransitive, present or past, sometimes with zki]
tzai
basic root for ARDE and ERD [only third person, present or past, singular/plural A]
i/izki
basic root for ARE and ER(a) [normal/zuek version, past or present; remember to add 'it' on all plurals and zu]
u/uzte
basic root for ER(a) [normal/zuek-haiek version; remember to add 'it' when unmarked A is plural]
u/ute
ARE plural marker for all plurals and zu
it
you-sir-have-it
zaitu
we-have-you-sir
gaituzu
they-have-me
ditut
you-friend-have-it
hau
all of you-has-he
zaituzte
[I] was
nintzen
[you, friend] were
hintzen
[it] was
zen
[we] were
ginen
[you, stranger] were
zinen
[you all] were
zineten
[they] were
ziren
I-was-to-you-male-friend-past
nintzaian
we-were-to-him-past
gintzaizkion
they-were-to-me-past
zitzaizkidan
me-have-you-male-friend-the-doer-past [ARE]
ninduan
you-friend-have-I-the-doer-past [ARE]
hindudan
us-have-you-the-female-doer-past [ARE]
gintunan
you-stranger-have-I-the-doer-past [ARE]
zintudan
all of you-have-we-the-doers-past [ARE]
zintuztegun
I-the-doer-have-(it)-past [ER(a)]
nuen
I-the-doer-have-(them)-past [ER(a)]
nituen
you-friend-the-doer-have-(it)-past [ER(a)]
huen
you-friend-have-(them)-past [ER(a)]
hituen
he-the-doer-has-(it)-past [ER(a)]
zuen
we-the-doers-have-(it)-past [ER(a)]
genuen
we-the-doers-have-(them)-past [ER(a)]
genituen
you-sir-the-doer-have-(it)-past [ER(a)]
zenuen
you-all-the-doers-have-(it)-past [ER(a)]
zenuten
they-the-doers-have-(it)-past [ER(a)]
zuten
I-the-doer-am-(it)-to-you-my-man-past [ERD(a)]
nian
I-the-doer-am-(them)-to-you-my-man-past [ERD(a)]
nizkian
I-the-doer-am-(them)-to-him-past [ERD(a)]
nizkion
I-the-doer-am-(them)-to-all-of-you-past [ERD(a)]
nizkizueten
he-the-doer-is-(it)-to-me-past [ERD(a)]
zidan
he-the-doer-is-(them)-to-me-past [ERD(a)]
zizkidan
we-the-doers-are-(it)-to-you-sir-past [ERD(a)]
genizun
it-have-to-us-you-the-doer [ARDE]
diguzu
you-sir-the-doer-have-(it)-to-us-past [ERD(a)]
zenigun
you-sir-the-doer-have-(them)-to-us-past [ERD(a)]
zenizkigun
you-all-the-doers-have-(it)-to-us-past [ERD(a)]
zeniguten
you-all-the-doers-have-(them)-to-us-past [ERD(a)]
zenizkiguten
him-is-can [potential]
dezake
if-were
balitz
him-has-can
luke
her-is-can-past
zezakeen
I-am-can
naiteke
you-friend-are-can
haiteke
he/she/it-is-can
daiteke
we-are-can
gaitezke
you-sir-are-can
zaitezke
you-all-are-can
zaitezke
they-are-can
daitezke
I-was-can-past
nintekeen
you-friend-were-can-past
hintekeen
he/she/it-was-can-past
zitekeen
we-were-can-past
gintezkeen
you-sir-were-can-past
zintezkeen
you-all-were-can-past
zintezketen
they-were-can-past
zitezkeen
I-maybe-can
ninteke
you-friend-maybe-can
hinteke
he/she/it-maybe-can
liteke
we-maybe-can
gintezke
you-sir-maybe-can
zintezke
you-all-maybe-can
zintezkete
they-maybe-can
litezke
Basic root for ARD with potential marker, present or past tense
ki
I-maybe-to-you-male-friend-can [ARD potential]
nakiake
you-friend-maybe-to-me-can [ARD potential]
hakidake
he-maybe-to-you-female-friend-can [ARD potential]
dakinake
we-maybe-to-him-can [ARD potential]
gakizkioke
you-sir-maybe-to-me-can [ARD potential]
zakizkidake
you-all-maybe-to-me-can [ARD potential]
zakizkidakete
they-maybe-to-him-can [ARD potential]
dakizkioke
I-could-to-us-can-past [ARD potential past]
nenkiguken
you-could-to-me-can-past [ARD potential past]
henkidaken
he-could-to-you-female-friend-can-past [ARD potential past]
zekinaken
we-could-to-you-all-can-past [ARD potential past]
genkizkizueken
you-sir-could-to-him-can-past [ARD potential past]
zenkizkioken
you-all-could-to-them-can-past [ARD potential past]
zenkizkieketen
they-could-to-us-can-past [ARD potential past]
zekizkiguken
I-might-to-them-can [ARD hypothetical potential]
nenkieke
you-friend-might-to-all-of-you-can [ARD hypothetical potential]
henkizueke
he-might-to-you-sir-can [ARD hypothetical potential]
lekizuke
we-might-to-me-can [ARD hypothetical potential]
genkizkidake
you-sir-might-to-him-can [ARD hypothetical potential]
zenkizkioke
you-all-might-to-us-can [ARD hypothetical potential]
zenkizkigukete
they-might-to-me-can [ARD hypothetical potential]
lekizkidake
Basic root for ARE potential, present and past [with 'it' for plural A]
za
me-have-can-you-male-friend-the-doer [ARE potential]
nazakek
me-have-can-you-female-friend-the-doer [ARE potential]
nazaken
you-friend-have-can-I-the-doer [ARE potential]
hazaket
me-have-can-he-the-doer [ARE potential, silent third person E]
nazake
he-have-can-he-the-doer [ARE potential, silent third person E]
dezake
he-have-can-I-the-doer [ARE potential]
dezaket
us-have-can-you-male-friend-the-doer [ARE potential]
gaitzakek
you-sir-have-can-I-the-doer [ARE potential]
zaitzaket
you-sir-have-can-we-the-doers [ARE potential]
zaitzakegu
you-all-have-can-we-the-doers [ARE potential]
zaitzaketegu
they-have-can-we-the-doers [ARE potential]
ditzakegu
me-could-have-can-male-friend-the-doer-past [ARE potential past]
nintzakean
you-friend-could-have-can-I-the-doer-past [ARE potential past]
hintzakedan
us-could-have-can-(he-the-doer)-past [ARE potential past]
gintzaken
you-sir-could-have-I-the-doer-past [ARE potential past]
zintzakedan
you-all-could-have-I-the-doer-past [ARE potential past]
zintzaketedan
you-all-could-have-they-the-doers-past [ARE potential past]
zintzaketeten
I-could-can-(it)-past [ER(a) potential past]
nezaken
I-could-can-(them)-past [ER(a) potential past]
nitzaken
Basic root for ARDE and ERD potential [only third person in present]
ieza
it-have-to-me-can-you-male-friend-the-doer [ARDE potential present]
diezadakek
it-have-to-him-can-I-the-doer [ARDE potential present]
diezaioket
them-have-to-us-can-you-sir-the-doer [ARDE potential present]
diezagukezu
I-the-doer-have-(it)-to-him-can-past [ERD potential past]
niezaioken
I-the-doer-have-(them)-to-him-can-past [ERD potential past]
niezazkiioken
we-the-doers-have-(it)-to-you-sir-can-past [ERD potential past]
geniezazuken
you-all-the-doers-have-(them)-to-me-can-past [ERD potential past]
zeniezazkidaketen
she-the-doer-have-(it)-to-him-might [ERD hypothetical potential]
liezaioke
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