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50 terms

History Chapter 16

The term Reconstruction refers to the
Period immediately following the Civil War
Escaped slave who captured confederate steamship and later went on to become a US congressmen
Robert Smalls
A minimal Reconstruction policy was favored by
President Lincoln
President Lincoln's Reconstruction plans were committed to
Rapid readmission of the southern states to the Union
Most congressional Republicans believed
former Confederates should not play a role in Reconstruction governments
Lincoln's response to the Wade-Davis Bill was to
stop it with a pocket veto
The man who became president of the US after Lincoln's assassination was
Andrew Johnson
As early as 1863, Lincoln proposed a plan for restoring southern state governments based on _____ percent of the voting population of 1860 taking a loyalty oath to the Union
Incorrect match
Wade-Davis Bill--embodied presidential reconstruction
Required 50 percent of southern voters to take an oath of loyalty to the Union before the southern states could regain their status as states
Wade-Davis Bill
President Andrew Johnson was
opposed by Radical Republicans
President Andrew Johnson was NOT
an opponent of slaveowners
Which constitutional amendment abolished slavery
Andrew Johnson believed that Reconstruction should
Return the South to its prewar system, minus slavery
In implementing Johnson's plan, southern states did each of the following EXCEPT
accepted it grudgingly or with qualifications
Johnson's reconstruction plan
failed to break the power of the antebellum planter elites
Black Codes showed that
southerners wanted African Americans to return to positions of servility
The first bill ever passed over a presidential veto was the
Civil Rights Act of 1866
The congressional alternative to Andrew Johnson's Reconstruction program was the
Fourteenth Amendment
The Fourteenth Amendment stipulated that any state that denied the right to vote to African Americans would
have its congressional representation proportionally reduced
The Radical Republicans believed
That the rights of the freedmen should be ensured by the federal government
which of the following constitutional amendments attempted to give civil rights to the former slaves
Which of the constitutional amendments was opposed by Andrew Johnson
In the congressional elections of 1866
the results served as a referendum for the Fourteenth Amendment
Thaddeus Stevens and Charles Sumner were
Radical leaders in Congress
Which of the following individuals was NOT a Radical Republica
Andrew Johnson
The South's refusal to ratify the Fourteenth Amendment
caused a thorough restructuring of southern society
The Reconstruction Acts
were actually a retreat from true radicalism
the first Reconstruction Act of 1867
placed the South under military rule
Andrew Johnson was indicted by the House for his violation of the
Tenure of Office Act
Andrew Johnson's acquittal on impeachment charges resulted from
the fears of some Republicans that his removal would threaten the balance of power of the government
During Reconstruction, African Americans
lived in a divided society
For the South, recovery from the devastation of the Civil War
depended on a new economic system
The legacy of Reconstruction for most African Americans was
poverty and discrimination
By the end of 1865, most freedmen had
returned to work on the plantations
The federal agency designed to assist former slaves in making the economic adjustment to freedom was known as the
Freedmen's Bureau
What group was not part of the southern coalition supporting Radical Reconstruction
White planters
Northerners who moved South during Reconstruction were called
Most southern African Americans who held political power during Reconstruction
concentrated their efforts on educational and political reforms
The small number of African Americans elected to state or national office during the Reconstruction demonstrated on the average
more integrity and competence than their white counterparts
Ulysses S. Grant
was not able to resolved the problems of the times
The political party that kept the money issue alive into the 1880s was
the Greenback Labor party
What Amendment to the Constitution states that no person could be denied the right to vote because of race, color, or previous condition of servitude
Fifteenth Amendment
Which of the following groups was disappointed by the Fifteenth Amendment
The organization that symbolized most vividly the "white backlash" of the Reconstruction era was
the Ku Klux Klan
Liberal Republicans
endorsed civil service reform
Carl Schurz
was a prominent Liberal Republican
What was NOT a scandal during the Grant Administration
Teapot Dome
The result of the disputed election of 1876 was significant because it
meant the end of Reconstruction
The Redeemers
believed in the principles of Laissez Faire and White supremacy