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26 terms

JCGRW Chapter 1

STUDY
PLAY
Religion
The relationship between God and humans that results in a body of beliefs and a set of practices: creed, cult, and code.
Religion
Religion expresses itself in worship and service to God and by extension to all people and all creation.
Irreligion
A vice contrary to the virtue of religion that directs us away from what we owe to God in justice.
Secularism
An indifference to religion and a belief that religion should be excluded from civic affairs and public education.
Monotheism
Religions that believe there is only one God. Christianity, Judaism, and Islam are three great monotheistic world religions.
Polytheistic
Religions that believe in multiple gods and goddesses.
Atheism
A person who denies the existence of God.
Agnosticism
The belief that God's existence cannot be known.
Divine Revelation
The way God communicates knowledge of himself to humankind, a self-communication realized by his actions and words over time, most fully by his sending us his divine son, Jesus Christ.
Conscience
A practical judgement of reason that helps a person decide the goodness or sinfulness of an action or attitude. it is the subjective norm of morality we must form properly and then follow.
Original Sin
The sin of disobedience committed by Adam and Eve that resulted in their loss of original holiness and justice and their becoming subject to sin and death. Original Sin also describes the fallen state of human nature into which all generations of people are born. Christ Jesus came to save us from Original Sin(and all sin).
Omnipotent
An attribute of God that He is everywhere, unlimited, and all-powerful.
Salvation History
The story of God's saving activity in human history.
Covenant
A binding and solemn agreement between human beings or between God and his people, holding each to a particular course of action.
Sacred Tradition
The living transmission of the Church's gospel message found in the Church's teaching, life, and worship. It is faithfully preserved, handed on, and interpreted by the Church's Magisterium.
Sacred Scripture
The written record of Divine Revelation found in the books of the Old Testament and the New Testament.
Magisterium
The official teaching authority of the Church. The Lord bestowed the right and power to teach in his name on Peter and the apostles and their successors, that is, the pope and the college of bishops.
Circumcision
The surgical removal of the male foreskin; it was the physical sign of the covenant between God and Abraham.
Prophet
The word .. is from the Greek, meaning "one who speaks before others." God entrusted the Hebrew prophets with delivering the divine message to rulers and the people. Most of them were unpopular in their own day. Their style was poetic and memorable. Most of their prophecies were written only at a later time.
Deposit of Faith
The heritage of faith contained in Sacred Scripture and Tradition, handed on in the Church from the time of the Apostles, from which the Magisterium draws all that it proposes for belief as being divinely revealed
Dogma
A central truth of Revelation that Catholics are obliged to believe.
Faith
A gift from God; one of the three theological virtues. Faith refers to personal knowledge of God; assent of the mind to truths God has revealed, made with the help of his grace and on the authority and trustworthiness of his revealing them; the truths themselves (the content of faith); and the lived witness of a Christian lif (living faith).
Virtues
Firm attitudes, stable dispositions, habitual perfections of intellect and will that govern our actions, order our passions, and guide our conduct according to reason and faith.
Theological Virtues
Three important virtues bestowed on us at baptism which relate us to God: faith (belief in and personal knowledge of God) hope (trust in God's salvation and his bestowal of the graces needed to attain it) and charity (love of God and love of neighbor as loves oneself).
St. Thomas Aquinas
Developed five preceptsthat prove the existence of God.
Jesus Christ
God's fullest, complete, and final revelation. He is the only son of the father; he is God himself.