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AP Government- The Constitution
Terms in this set (21)
A law making body made of two houses (bi means 2). Example: Congress (our legislature) is made of two house - The House of Representatives and The Senate.
Checks and Balances
A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power
power shared by the state and federal government, such as the power to tax.
clause in Article I, Section 8 of the Constitution that gives Congress the right to make all laws "necessary and proper" to carry out the powers expressed in the other clauses of Article I
the body of electors who formally elect the United States president and vice-president
Powers specifically given to Congress in the Constitution; including the power to collect taxes, coin money, regulate foreign and interstate commerce, and declare war.
Ex Post Facto Laws
A law which punishes people for a crime that was not a crime when it was committed. Congress cannot pass these laws.
The power to keep executive communications confidential, especially if they relate to national security.
a form of government in which power is divided between the federal, or national, government and the states
Full Faith and Credit
the term used to describe the mutual respect and legality of laws, public records, and judicial decisions made by states
Powers of the federal government that go beyond those enumerated in the Constitution. The Constitution states that Congress has the power to "make all laws that are necessary and proper for carrying into execution" the powers enumerated in Article I.
A power of the president derived from the statements in the Constitution that "the executive Power shall be vested in a President" and that the president should "take Care that the Laws be faithfully executed"; defined through practice rather than through law
the power of the Supreme Court to declare laws and actions of local, state, or national governments unconstitutional
a preliminary introduction to a statute or constitution (usually explaining its purpose)
Privileges and Immunities
refers to Article IV, Section 2 of the Constitution, which guarantees that "citizens of each state shall be entitled to all privileges and immunities of citizens" in any other state in the United States.
a presidential appointment made when the Congress is not in session that usually lacks enough votes in the Senate for confirmation. The position must be confirmed by the Senate by the end of the next session of Congress, or the position becomes vacant.
Reserved Power Amendment
Any power that is not granted to the national government, or denied to the states, automatically reverts to the states.
Separation of Powers
the division of power among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government
The constitutional provision that makes the Constitution and federal laws superior to all conflicting state and local laws.
Political practices that are followed, but are not part of the actual Constitution. Examples include political parties, judicial review, and the Presidential Cabinet.
Writ of Habeas Corpus
a writ ordering a prisoner to be brought before a judge