Ch 8 American Government & Politics
Vocabulary and important terms or cases from the American Government & Politics Today 2010-2011 Brief Edition
Terms in this set (34)
a statewide primary election of delegates to a political party's national convention, held to determine a party's presidential nominee
An election in which party members choose the party's candidate for the general election
An election, normally held on the first Tuesday of November, that determines who will fill various elected positions. ie. President & Vice President
a paid professional hired to devise a campaign strategy and manage a campaign
a poll taken for the candidate on a nearly daily basis as election day approaches
a small group of individuals who are led in discussion by a professional consultant in order to gather opinions on and responses to candidates and issues
Corrupt Practices Act
A series of acts passed by Congress in an attempt to limit and regulate the size and sources of contributions and expenditures in political campaigns
Act passed in 1939 tha restricted the political activities of gov employees. prohibited a political group from spending more than $3 million in any campaign and limited individual contribution to $5,000.
Political Action Committee
a committee set up by and representing a corporation, labor union, or special-interest group that raises and spends campaign contributions on behalf of one or more candidates or causes
Campaign contributions unregulated by federal or state law, usually given to parties and party committees to help fund general party activities.
unregulated political expenditures by PACs, organizations, and individuals that are not coordinated with candidate campaigns or political parties
Issue Advocacy Advertising
advertising paid for by interest groups that support or oppose a candidate or a candidate's position on an issue without mentioning voting or elections
A presidential primary in which contending candidates compete for popular votes but the results do not control the selection of delegates to the national convention
A meeting of local party members to choose party officials or candidates for public office and to decide the platform
A party leader or elected official who is given the right to vote at the party's national convention. _________ are not elected at the state level.
a primary election where voters directly select the candidates who will run for office.
a primary election in which voters choose convention delegates, and the delegates determine the party's candidate in the general election
a type of primary in which the voter is limited to choosing candidates of the party of which he or she is a member
a primary in which any registered voter can vote (but must vote for candidates of only one party)
the presidential candidate who appears to be ahead at a given time in the primary season
the practice of moving presidential primary elections to the early part of the campaign to maximize the impact of these primaries on the nomination
A committee used by political parties at their national conventions to determine which delegates may participate. The committee inspects the claim of each prospective delegate to be seated as a legitimate representative of his or her state.
a member of the electoral college, which selects the president and vice president. Each state's electors are chosen in each presidential election year according to state laws.
a secret ballot prepared, distributed, and tabulated by government officials at public expense. Since 1888, all states have used this rather than open, public ballot.
Office-Block, or Massachusetts, Ballot
A form of general election ballot in which candidates for elective office are grouped together under the title of each office. It emphasizes voting for the office and the individual candidate, rather than for the party.
Party-Column, or Indiana, Ballot
A form of general election ballot in which all of a party's candidates for elective office are arranged in one column under the party's label and symbol. It emphasizes voting for the party, rather than for the office or individual.
The influence of a popular candidate on the electoral success of other candidates on the same party ticket. The effect is increased by the party-column ballot, which encourages strait-ticket voting.
the percentage of citizens taking part in the election process; the number of eligible voters that actually "turn out" on election day to cast their ballots
the number of people of voting age living in the country at a given time, regardless of whether they have the right to vote
the number of people who, at a given time, enjoy the right to vote in national elections
the right to vote
The entry of a person's name onto the list of registered voters for elections. To register, a person must meet certain legal requirements Of age, citizenship, and residency.
the value assigned to a person due to occupation or income. An upper-class person, for example, has high socioeconomic status
Buckley v. Valeo
Ruled that government could limit the amount of contributions in political campaigns. However, it invalidated laws that restricted a candidate from spending however much of his own money that he wanted to spend on his own election.
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