BT Test 2 Terms
Terms in this set (74)
where the E source first appears (Genesis 20); he is the originating ancestor of Jews and Arabs in Genesis. God called him from his home region of Ur to travel to Canaan, which would become the homeland of his descendants (originally named Abram)
a place where Genesis says the people tried to build a tower to heaven. God responds by multiplying the languages the people speak so they are not able to understand one another. Thus, they must abandon their project
one of the traditions that came together to form the Pentateuch. This source advocates that if the nation is faithful, God will bless them; if they worship other gods, God will punish them for violating their covenant (agreement) with God. Most of the book of Deuteronomy comes from these sources. It also influenced the books of Joshua, Judges, 1 and 2 Samuel, and 1 and 2 Kinds.
theory that holds that the books of the Pentateuch were composed from sources written earlier (J, E, D, and P)
one of the traditions that came together to form the Pentateuch. Its name derives from the characteristics way it refers to God; it called God Elohim. Much of Exodus and Numbers come from this source
one of the ways the Hebrew Bible refers to God. This name for God is the plural of the Hebrew word El (god)
a 12th century (or earlier) BCE Babylonian text that gives an account of the creation of the earth by many gods
Epic of Gilgamesh
a document composed around 2000 BCE in Sumerian that includes a story of Utnapishtim building an ark in which he and the animals survive a worldwide flood
oldest son of Isaac who is excluded from the central promised to Abraham through the machinations of his younger brother, Jacob, and his marriage to a Canaanite
a narrative that describes the origin of something (causes of something)
Christian name for the story in Genesis of the first human sin. That sin results in the ejection of Adam and Eve from the Garden of Eden and in the introduction of the things that make life difficult
Garden of Eden
the ideal place where the first humans resided, according to Genesis
a literary form
the long awaited son of Abraham, who was to fulfill the promise that Abraham would have many descendants. In the Genesis story, Jews are the branch of Abraham's family that are descendants of Isaac
one of the traditions that editors brought together to form the Pentateuch. It refers to God by God's name, Yahweh (Jehovah). Much of Genesis comes from this source
younger son of Isaac who is the ancestor of Jews in Genesis. Even though he is an underhanded and unlikeable character, he is the one God chooses to work through in the Genesis narrative
the transliteration (transferring the letters from one language to another) of the name of God into English that is found in older translations. This English form of the Name was influenced by the transliteration of the Name into German
In Genesis, Joseph is one of the 12 sons of Jacob who are the progenitors of the 12 tribes of Israel. In the New Testament, Joseph is the husband of Mary.
Father of Rachel and Leah, father-in-law of Jacob. In Laban, Jacob had nearly met his match in deception and trickery
Laban's older daughter; Jacob is tricked into marrying Leah by Laban
a literary form in which a narrative of earlier times is used to define a group's identity and place in the world, as well s to ground their morality
powerful and violent beings who are the offspring of human women and beings from the heavens (Genesis 6)
probably the latest of the traditions that came together to form the Pentateuch. It has a priestly outlook that produced Leviticus and the first chapter of Genesis, among other parts of the various books
second and favored wife of Jacob. She was the mother of Joseph and Benjamin.
wife of Isaac and mother of Jacob and Esau. Her favoritism toward Jacob helped him attain the blessing of Isaac that was supposed to go the firstborn son, Esau.
the originating female ancestor of Jews. She was the wife (and half sister) of Abraham and mother of Isaac.
Sodom and Gomorrah
cities Genesis identifies as particularly wicked. Beach of their wickedness, particularly their unjust treatment of the powerless, God destroys them.
Universe of Discourse
a distinctive way of reasoning that is appropriate within a particular way of analyzing and reasoning about a particular matter. Differing universes will understand things differently and allow different types of evidence. For example, the universe of scientific discourse uses evidence and some types of reasoning and evaluation that are not useful or appropriate in the universe of music composition
German biblical scholar (1844-1918). His hypothesis about multiple sources used to write the Pentateuch, called the Documentary Hypothesis, had a great impact on the understanding of the Hebrew Bible.
the name of God as it appears in the Hebrew Bible. It is the most important name for God in the Hebrew Bible, the name revealed to Moses in the burning bush episode.
A non-Israelite who was known for communicating with the God of Israel and other gods. King Balak of Moab called him to curse the Israelites who were advancing on his land, but God commanded Balaam to bless the Israelites. He obeyed God.
Cities of Refuge
a city established as a place to which those accused of murder could flee for protection until trial. If found not guilty they could remain under its protection.
the telling of the story of the life of the nations of the Israelites from the perspective of the paradigm set out in Deuteronomy (that is, faithfulness brings defeat and disaster). The books of Joshua, Judges, 1 and 2 Samuel, and 1 and 2 Kings are all written from this perspective and are called deuteronomistic histories
the story of the Israelites escaping slavery in Egypt. This story becomes the foundational story for their understanding of themselves and God.
Leviticus 17-26, the section that defines the ways the people of Israel are to live so that they are holy. Thus, they please God and are different from the peoples around them.
Joshua and Caleb
wandered for 40 years to promised land; they were the two spies who brought back a good report and believed that God would help them succeed. They were the only men from their generation permitted to go into the Promised Land after the time of wandering.
agreement between God and the Israelites that was given to Moses on Mount Sinai. God agreed to make the Israelites God's special people and the people agreed to make God their only god and to obey God's other laws.
mountain on the Sinai Peninsula where Moses received the Law from God. It is also known as Mount Horeb.
the festival within Judaism that commemorates the exodus from Egypt. It is a pilgrimage feast that also celebrates the New Year. It is during the time of this festival that Jesus is crucified.
grandson of the first Israelite high priest, Aaron. He is best known for killing an Israelite man and a Midianite woman who has married. In Numbers 25, such intermarriages had caused Israelites to worship foreign gods. In Numbers, his killing of the couple stops a plague.
the state of readiness to enter the presence of God. Its opposite is being unclean.
the most basic confession within Judaism. It is taken from Deuteronomy 6:4, "Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God, the Lord is one"
portable worship structure described in Exodus that served as the temple for God while the Israelites were in the wilderness.
the 10 most basic instructions given to Moses on Mount Sinai. These set a basic religious and moral code that serve as an important element of God's covenant with Israel.
Absolute but general commands of the form
characterized by an "if ... then" condition
Ark of the Covenant
ornate box that symbolized the presence of God. It contained relics symbolic of particular divine acts (tablets of Law, Aaron's rod that bloomed, and a pot of manna)
important Canaanite goddess, consort of Baal or of El
Empire: empire that arose in the 8th century BCE. Its capital was in Nineveh near today's Mosul in Northern Iraq (250 miles from Baghdad)
popular Canaanite god who ranked high in their pantheon. He was also the storm god.
empire that rises to regional dominance in the 7th/6th century BCE. They replace the Assyrian Empire as the dominant power in the region. The capital of Babylon was near today's city of Baghdad, Iraq.
the way the books of the Chronicles tells the story of the Israelite monarchies
patron god of the Philistines and sometimes seen as father of Baal
the second kind of the UK of Israel and Judah, and according to the New Testament Gospels of Matthew and Luke, an ancestor of Jesus
The only female judge mentioned in the Bible, Deborah led a successful counterattack against the forces of Jabin king of Canaan and his military commander Sisera; the narrative is recounted in chapter 4
11th century Israelite priest and prophet at Shiloh who raised Samuel
9th century Israelite prophet who performed many miracles and called the people to worship only God. He opposed the reign of Ahab and his dynasty because of their unfaithfulness to God. He was also the head of the "school of the prophets"
successor of Elijah. At Elijah's death he becomes the leader of the "school of the prophets" and continues Elijah's ministry of opposing Israelite monarchs who worship multiple gods.
one of the "judges" of the Israelites in the tie before the Israelites were united as a single nation under a king
1) name given to Jacob which becomes the designation for his descendants 2) the name taken by the northern kingdom (whose capital was in Samaria) when the Israelites split into two nations following the reign of Solomon
first city the Israelites take in their conquest of Canaan
successor of Moses who leads the Israelites in the conquest of Canaan
king of Judah at the age of eight, after the assassination of his father, King Amon, and reigned for thirty-one years. He is also one of the kings mentioned in the genealogy of Jesus in the Gospel of Matthew
1) one of the 12 sons of Jacob who are the traditional ancestors of the 12 tribes of Israel 2) the name of the southern kingdom whose capital was in Jerusalem, when the Israelites divided into 2 nations (the other was called Israel) 3) the region around Jerusalem, known as Judea in New Testament times
a book in the Deuteronomistic Histories. It is named for the "judges" that is, the 12 people who on different occasions lead the Israelites in revolts against their neighbors after they had been subdued, the books says, because of their unfaithfulness to God
a system designed to keep property within a clan. In this system, when a man dies without children, his brother is to marry the dead man's wife and have children in the name of the dead man so that there are heirs to inherit the family property
mother-in-law of Ruth. The non-Israelite Ruth follows Naomi back to Israel after the death of Ruth's husband, who was Naomi's son. Ruth adopts the religion of the God of Israel
empire that arises in the 6th century BCE that displaces tha Babylonian Empire. Its capital was in today's Iran
woman of Jericho who agrees to help the Israelite spires if they will promise to spare her family when they take the city at the beginning of the Israelite conquest of Canaan
Moabite widow of an Israelite who returns to Isralelite territory with her mother-in-law, committing herself to the God of Israel. Through the system of levirate marriage, she marries Boaz. Her great-grandson is King David.
one of the judges of Israel. He is known for his great strengths.
leader of ancient Israel in the Books of Samuel in the Hebrew Bible. Known as a prophet.
1) first king of Israel who was eventually rejected by God for disobedience and taking the prerogative of a priest by offering a sacrifice 2) Jewish name of the persecutor of the church who has an experience of the risen Christ on the road to Damascus and becomes the apostle Paul.
King of Israel after David. He is known for being wise and for building the first temple to God in Jerusalem.
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