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. Three weeks after the American Revolution began in 1775, delegates from all colonies except Georgia met to discuss possible courses of action at the

Second Continental Congress

The pamphlet "Common Sense" was instrumental in gaining support for

the idea of independence from Great Britain

During the American Revolution, the real center of authority was

the state governments

During the Revolution, the Americans had all of the following advantages over the British except

their troops were generally superior to the British regulars

The Battle of Breed's Hill (Bunker Hill) resulted in

a heavy loss of life for the attacking British army

the second phase of the American Revolution, between early 1776 and early 1778, the fighting resulted in the British forces

achieving several important victories but failing to crush the Americans because of mistakes and blunders

During 1777, British General Burgoyne attempted to implement a plan for dividing the colonies by capturing the

Hudson River Valley

an important outcome of the Battle of Saratoga was

an alliance between America and France

During the final phase of the American Revolution, between early 1778 and late 1783, the fighting resulted in the British forces

moving their major efforts into the South, where their forces were finally worn down and suffered a major defeat

The Treaty of Paris (1783) included a provision that

awarded the Americans with a generous cession of land

For most African-Americans, the American Revolution

had some positive, but limited effects for them

The French and Indian War resulted in all of the following except:

new lands in the Trans-Mississippi West were opened to the colonists

. The Boston Tea Party had which of the following causes:

Parliament's efforts to improve the profits of the British East India Co.

Which of the following was true concerning the French-American Alliance of 1778:

it influenced the British to offer generous peace terms

In the 1750s, the relationship between the British Empire and the American colonies was characterized by:

most Americans believing that the benefits of the empire far outweigh the costs

One of the developments that led to the French and Indian War was:

disputes over the Ohio River Valley

By agreeing to the Peace of Paris(French and Indian War), the French did all of the following except:

gained territory in India

The French and Indian War had all of the following effects on the postwar world except

the war convinced British authorities that they needed to give the colonists more control over their own affairs

In its attempts to stop the flow of colonists into the Ohio valley, the Proclamation of 1763 was

almost completely without impact

1763, Americans began to feel a common bond against the British because of all the following common grievances except

the underrepresentation of western counties in the colonial assemblies

. The Stamp Act Congress of 1765 petitioned the king and the Parliament to repeal the Stamp Act because

it believed that only the colonial assemblies could place taxes on the colonies

The Stamp Act crisis brought the colonies to the brink of war with the British, but the crisis subsided largely because

English merchants, hurt by the colonial boycott, asked Parliament to repeal the act

. One result of the Boston massacre was

the incident became a symbol of British oppression

The first shots of the Revolutionary War were fired in Massachusetts at


Pontiac's Rebellion was a reaction to:

the westward movement of English settlers

After the Revolution, the concept of the Republican mother suggested that:

women would be responsible for raising children to be virtuous citizens of the
Young republic

By the 1750's, the British colonies on the North American mainland were characterized
by all of the following except:

disdain for British Constitutional Monarchy

The Accompanying political cartoon related to which one of the following:

Albany Conference

The element of the Constitution most representative of the antifederalist perspective is the:

...The element of the Constitution most representative of the antifederalist perspective is the:

2. "The Articles of Confederation was successful in guiding the United States through its first decade". Each of the following actions support this statement except:

A) Congress regulated interstate trade

3. Which of the following is true of the United States Constitution at the time of the Constitutional Convention:

it included a Bill of Rights

4. Alexander Hamilton's financial program was most favorable to:

eastern merchants

5. The most unpopular and least successful of Thomas Jefferson's policies was:

adherence to neutrality in dealing with France and England

6. The Federalist Papers challenged the political wisdom of the eighteenth century when they asserted that:

adserted a large republic offered the best protection of minority rights

Pinckney's Treaty with Spain is considered a diplomatic highlight of Washington's
Administration because it:

allowed the United States to use the port of New Orleans

In the Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions, James Madison and Thomas Jefferson argued

the states, not the supreme court, were the final judges of the limit of federal power

Thomas Jefferson hesitated on making the La. Purchase because:

it would involve the United States in entangling alliances with a European country

The twelfth amendment was a response to

the presidential and vice presidential results in the election of 1796

The most characteristic of American geographical forms in the westward settlement was the:

rectangular grid

When Thomas Jefferson said, "I hold that a little rebellion, now and then, is a good thing, and as necessary in the political world as storms in the physical," he was referring to

vShays's Rebellion

The element of the Constitution most representative of the antifederalist perspective is the:

XYZ Affair

Jay's Treaty of 1794 had all of the following consequences except

recognizing the rights of Americans to trade with France without interference

The Alien and Sedition Acts of 1798 resulted in

the Federalist administration convicting ten Republicans of criticizing the government

17. The Jefferson administration advocated which of the following changes as a means of restoring republican ideals:

increasing the size of the U.S. military

18. Which of the following is true in the case of Marbury V. Madison

it affirmed the principal of judicial review

19. Thomas Jefferson's "Revolution of 1800" changed the Federalist policies in all of the following areas except:

amount of national debt

20. Thomas Jefferson's chief reason for making the La. Purchase was:

challenge Napoleon's bid for world empire

21. The decline in the support of the Federalist Party at 1800 can be most attributed to:

X,Y,Z Affair

22. In his interpretation of the Constitution, Charles Beard focused on the importance of:

political factions from colonial times

23. Alexander Hamilton's Financial Program consisted of all of the following except:

tariffs to protect infant U.S. industries

Under the Articles of Confederation,

I. the national government did not have the power to impose taxes on the citizens of the state
II. the states were to retain their individual sovereignty and each, regardless of their size, was to have one vote in the Confederation Congress
III. there was to be no single, separate, powerful executive

All of the following contributed to the U.S. decision to go to war with Britain in 1812

Efforts to protect the land of Native Americans

The Hartford Convention had long term significance because it:

marked the end of the Federalists as a National Party

Native Americans in the West allied themselves with the British in the
War of 1812 because they:

wanted to stop American settlers from taking their lands

All of the following are linked to Aaron Burr except:

the impeachment of Samuel Chase

In order to secure the support of Thomas Jefferson and James Madison for the
Assumption of state debts, Alexander Hamilton promised:

support the locating of a permanent capital for the nation on the Potomac

In the 1790's political conflict between Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton,
Jefferson would have been more likely to:

take a narrow view of the Constitution

Foreign policy during Washington's administration is best described by which of the
Following statements:

the U.S. should delay their military involvement in world affairs until the nation had
Grown stronger

The International event known as the X,Y,Z Affair involved:

a French foreign ministers demand for a bribe before he would meet with
American envoys

created a settlement boundary along the crest of the Appalachian Mountains prohibiting westward movement

VProclamation of 1763 -

suggested that women would be responsible for raising their children, especially their sons, to be virtuous citizens of the young republic

republican motherhood

was issued in response to French diplomatic overtures to invoke the Franco-American Alliance

• Washington's Neutrality Proclamation of 1793

appealed to the philosophy of natural rights, appealed to the sympathies of the British people, criticized the Quebec Act of 1774, and accused King George III of tyranny

dec of independce

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