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36 terms

5th - social studies chp 1

STUDY
PLAY
drought
a long period without rain
glacier
thick sheets of ice
migrate
movement of people to another land
theory
a possible explanation
artifact
an object that someone made in the past
specialize
do only one kind of job
ceremony
activity done for a special purpose or event
mesa
high, flat landform that rises steeply from the land around it.
civilization
culture with organized system of government, religion, and learning
Ice Age
long period of extreme cold on earth
empire
a group of lands and peoples ruled by one leader
slavery
the practice of holding people against their will
surplus
more than is needed
tribute
payment demanded by rulers from the people they rule
archaeologist
one who studies artifacts of people
pyramid
building shaped like a triangle
What was the effect of a land bridge linked to Asia and America ....
people and animals migrated to Amercia
Animals crossed the land bridge to North America, so
hunters followed them
Their way of life centered on hunting...
so hunters moved often
The large animals were no longer available to hunters...
and hunters became hunter-gathers
Agriculture made it possible for people to settle in one place...
because people began to grow their food
What kind of information is shown on a climograph?
average temperature and precipitation
Who developed the kayak?
INUIT
Who lived in houses made from blocks of packed snow?
INUIT
Who were the first to use irrigation in what would be the US?
ANASAZI
Today we live in the frozen lands near the Arctic Ocean?
INUIT
Why did the people known as Mound Builders build mounds?
For burial places for important chiefs, and to honor animal spirits, and were used for religious and other ceremonies
Explain how the Anasazi were able to farm in the desert?
They dug ditches to carry water from streams to the crops in their fields called irrigation
How did the Inuit adapt to life in the cold climate near Arctic Ocean?
They hunted whales, walruses, and seals, They developed the kayak and they built igloos
Compare and contrast the cultures of the Mound Builders, Anasazi, and the Inuit
All groups settled in different parts of North America. Anasazi and Mound Builders were farmers and Inuit were hunters. Mound Builders were also traders
Name two achievements of the Mayan civilization
1. An accurate calendar
2. a system of writing
What role did war play in the growth of Aztec Empire?
War expanded it and helped them extend their borders from the Atlantic to the Pacific Oceans
Many Maya specialized in one skill like _____
farming
The Aztec created ______
floating gardens and carved terraces into hillsides
The Inca had a speedy _____
communication system
Early empires developed ______ ways of life
organized