A&P Chapter 12 & 13 Review
Terms in this set (67)
There is a heavy concentration of cones in this area of the retina.
Which of the following is most related to the stapes?
middle ear ossicle
is the outer layer of the eyeball.
What is the condition caused by impaired drainage of aqueous humor through the canal of Schlemm that increases intraocular pressure?
These hairlike receptors are located in the cochlea.
organ of Corti
Cerumen collects here.
Which of the following is least related to the optic nerve?
innervates the extrinsic eye muscles
Which of the following is located in the posterior cavity of the eyeball?
An increase of intraocular pressure is most likely to cause
glaucoma, damage to the retina, leading to blindness.
Which of the following structures is located outside the eye?
This structure separates the outer ear from the middle ear.
Contraction of the radial muscles of the iris causes
The malleus, incus, and stapes are called
The semicircular canals are concerned with
Which of the following best describes pupillary dilation?
The colored part of the eye that contains the intrinsic eye muscles: the circular muscle and the radial muscles.
What is the location of the semicircular canals and the cochlea?
What is the term for concerned with the sense of smell?
Olfaction refers to the sense of
CN VIII, the cochlear branch sends information to the temporal lobe and concerned with both hearing and balance all refer to which nerve
Lysozyme, an enzyme with antimicrobial activity, is found in
Tactile receptors are
activated by touch and pressure.
Which of the following structures secretes tears?
This layer of the eyeball supplies blood to the retina.
The eustachian tube connects the pharynx (throat) with this structure.
Rods and cones are called
Macula lutea, fovea centralis, rods and cones are all related to the
Name the general senses?
Proprioception - Pain - Touch - Pressure - Temperature
What structure of the eye is related to refraction?
Bone conduction occurs here.
Which of the following is most related to the sense of hearing? semicircular canals - first cranial nerve - organ of Corti - vestibular nerve
organ of Corti
What is the name of the specialized area of a sensory neuron that detects a specific stimulus?
What does a "choked disc" indicate?
increased intracranial pressure
are caused by the contraction of the circular muscles of the iris.
This cerebral lobe is concerned primarily with vision.
Which of the following is not an effector organ for the autonomic nerves? skeletal muscle - visceral smooth muscle - glands - cardiac muscle
The gustatory sensation is most related to the
Myopia, farsightedness, and astigmatism are
errors of refraction.
This structure is attached to the lens causing its shape to be changed.
Name the special senses?
Smell - Taste - Sight - Hearing - Balance
What is the name of the tube that connects the pharynx and middle ear?
Which of the following is most characteristic of the parasympathetic nervous system?
feed and breed
A nociceptor detects
What is the name of the venous sinuses that drain the aqueous humor?
canal of Schlemm
This ossicle sits in the oval window.
Which of the following equipment is used to elicit the photopupillary reflex?
This ossicle picks up vibrations from the tympanic membrane.
Which of the following is considered the blind spot?
In this condition, the eyelid is not completely raised, thereby making the person appear sleepy.
ptosis of the lid
The superior rectus muscle
moves the eyeball.
The occipital lobe
receives sensory information from cranial nerve II.
Contraction of the orbicularis oculi
closes the eye.
What is another name for the tympanic membrane?
Which structure is affected by the contraction and relaxation of the ciliary muscles?
The medial canthus and lateral canthus are
corners of the eye where the upper and lower eyelids meet.
is a mucous membrane.
This gel-like substance gently pushes the retina against the choroid and maintains the shape of the eyeball.
What is the function of the vestibule and the semicircular canals?
Contains the blood vessels that nourish the retina.
Are concerned with night vision.
Receives sensory information from the retina
The optic nerve
What is the condition caused by unequal tension exerted by the extrinsic eye muscles?
This cerebral lobe is concerned primarily with hearing.
What is the effect of contraction and relaxation of the ciliary muscle?
change in the shape of the lens
A cataract is a