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40 terms

Chapter 2: Britain and its Colonies

1. Which is true of English society by the early 1600s?

a. The right to trial by jury had yet to be established.
b. Titled nobles dominated the House of Commons.
c. There was a growing population of beggars and vagabonds.
d. There were no significant class distinctions.
e. There were no limits on the power of the monarch.
James I:

a. was wise and open-minded
b. was the first of the Stuart monarchs
c. recognized the supreme authority of Parliament
d. conquered Scotland
e. openly favored the Puritans
The Glorious Revolution of 1688:

a. resulted in the execution of Charles I
b. temporarily abolished the monarchy
c. increased the power of Parliament
d. ended with the death of Oliver Cromwell
e. delayed the American Revolution
The stockholders who invested in the Virginia Company were motivated primarily by:

a. personal loyalty to James I
b. a spirit of adventure
c. curiosity about the New World
d. religion
e. financial profit
The British colonies differed from the Spanish in all of the following ways EXCEPT:

a. they were able to establish settlements which still exist today
b. they were developed with private investment funds rather than royal money
c. they were in a more compact geographical area
d. they experienced less centralized control
e. they encountered no Indian empires like the Aztecs or Incas
One of the important factors aiding the survival of the early Jamestown settlers was:

a. the assistance they received from the Indians
b. the large sums of money that were used to bring additional supplies to them regularly
c. the democratic government established by the Virginia Company
d. the lack of the diseases and hardships that afflicted other colonies
e. their willingness to work hard and sacrifice for the good of the whole colony
One outstanding characteristic of Jamestown in its initial years was:

a. the high mortality rate among its settlers
b. complete freedom of religion
c. the high percentage of slaves in its population
d. the influence of women in its government
e. the absence of effective leaders
In the winter of 1610, starving Jamestown settlers:

a. went to live with the Indians
b. overthrew John Smith
c. first started growing tobacco
d. went back to England
e. ate horses, dogs, rats, boots, and mice
The Jamestown colony finally attained a measure of prosperity from:

a. trade with Spanish Florida
b. gold discoveries
c. tobacco
d. land sales
e. trade with Indians

a. died in England
b. married John Smith
c. is a fictional character
d. showed the English how to grow corn
e. led an attack against the English
The headright system adopted for the Virginia colony consisted of:

a. giving free land to all servants who came to the colony
b. giving free land in return for five years of military service
c. giving fifty acres of land to anyone who would transport himself to the colony and fifty more for any servants he might bring
d. "selling" wives to single male settlers
e. auctioning black slaves to settlers
In 1624, a British court dissolved the struggling Virginia Company, and Virginia:

a. was given to the king's brother, the Duke of York
b. became a royal colony
c. no longer existed
d. lost all its funding
e. was merged with New England
Bacon's Rebellion mainly involved a dispute between Nathaniel Bacon and Governor Berkeley over:

a. how to respond to Indian attacks on the frontier
b. whether Virginia should be a democracy
c. restrictions on tobacco production
d. whether aristocrats or common men should run the colony
e. slave prices
Bacon's Rebellion:

a. resulted from changes in the Fundamental Constitutions of Carolina that discriminated against Puritans
b. brought indentured servants and small farmers together against the colony's rich planters and political leaders
c. had the support of nearby Indian tribes
d. sought to make Virginia independent of England
e. led to the burning of Charleston
Maryland was much like Virginia in that it:

a. was owned by a joint-stock company
b. promoted religious freedom
c. was politically dominated by small farmers
d. banned Catholics
e. had a tobacco-based economy
The early settlers of New England differed from those of the Chesapeake in being primarily:

a. male
b. English
c. white
d. Protestant
e. middle-class
The English Puritans:

a. converted James I to their perspective
b. opposed Catholic elements in the Church of England
c. believed people could be saved by their own actions, not just by God's grace
d. believed in religious freedom
e. rejected the doctrines of Martin Luther
All of the following are true of the Pilgrims EXCEPT that they:

a. were Separatists who had abandoned the Church of England
b. based their initial colonial government on the Mayflower Compact
c. originally fled to Holland
d. were a sect of radical Catholics
e. established the Plymouth colony
The leader of the Pilgrims who established the Plymouth colony was:

a. John Winthrop
b. Roger Williams
c. Lord Baltimore
d. John Calvin
e. William Bradford
The Mayflower Compact:

a. originated in the House of Commons
b. provided the original government for the Plymouth colony
c. was developed by settlers in Massachusetts Bay
d. called for total religious toleration
e. completely separated civil and church governments
New England's Congregationalist churches were:

a. open to everyone
b. self-governing
c. tolerant of other religions
d. morally opposed to slavery
e. financially supported by the King
After 1644, the right to vote in Massachusetts Bay was restricted to those who:

a. had been listed as freemen in the original charter
b. were members of a Puritan church
c. owned 100 acres of land
d. were literate and had good moral character
e. had come in the first voyage from Britain
Roger Williams founded Rhode Island after he:

a. had been banished from Massachusetts for his religious opinions
b. decided he was no longer a Christian
c. led a rebellion against the government of Massachusetts
d. devoted himself to converting the Indians
e. discovered it had the best farmland in New England
Roger Williams's mistrust of the purity of others eventually led him to the belief that:

a. there should be complete separation of church and state
b. all churches were equally valid
c. everyone has an equal chance for salvation
d. the government must direct actions of the church to assure its purity
e. only those people who believed exactly as he did could be saved
Anne Hutchinson was kicked out of Massachusetts for:

a. challenging the authority of local ministers
b. refusing to uphold the Sabbath
c. believing good works would earn a place in heaven
d. championing equal rights for women
e. insufficient knowledge of the Bible
For the Pequots, the result of the 1637 war they fought with New England settlers was:

a. revenge for the previous cruelties of the English
b. a religious crisis
c. leadership of all other Indians in the region
d. slaughter and enslavement
e. retention of most of their traditional lands
The major cause of King Philip's War was:

a. Indian anger over their destruction from European diseases
b. Indian resentment over forced conversions to Christianity
c. King Philip's desire for territorial expansion
d. Indian feelings of racial superiority over the English
e. the need of Indian warriors to prove themselves in battle
King Philip's War:

a. was named for the French king who ordered the Indians to leave his New World colonies
b. led to the virtual destruction of the Pequots
c. led to the formation of the Iroquois League
d. was the first in a series of wars between the French and the English
e. devastated the Native American culture in New England
During Oliver Cromwell's rule, defeated English Royalists would most likely seek refuge in:

a. Massachusetts
b. Connecticut
c. New Hampshire
d. Virginia
e. New Jersey
The colonies established after the Restoration were all:

a. royal colonies
b. proprietary colonies
c. corporate colonies
d. Christian commonwealths
e. west of the Appalachians
A large number of South Carolina's original settlers were British planters from:

a. Georgia
b. Barbados
c. Jamaica
d. Maryland
e. North Carolina
English merchants in the Carolinas by the early 1700s established a thriving trade with Southern Indians for:

a. deerskins
b. indigo
c. beaver pelts
d. fish
e. corn
The log cabin:

a. was the chief form of housing for Eastern Woodlands Indians
b. originated in the Carolinas
c. was the essential form of housing for the early settlers in all colonies
d. was the contribution of Scandinavian settlers in New Sweden
e. was first used by the Pilgrims in Plymouth colony
The major reason Charles II decided to wrest New Netherland from the Dutch was the threat of that colony's:

a. manufacturing sector
b. commercial success
c. ethnic diversity
d. form of government
e. religious freedom
The first Jews in the colonies:

a. found quick acceptance from Christians
b. were wealthy
c. arrived in New Netherland
d. migrated to Massachusetts
e. soon became very numerous
The Iroquois:

a. consistently supported the French over the English
b. controlled much of eastern North America during the second half of the seventeenth century
c. developed a written language and a constitutional government
d. was a group of five Indian tribes that united to fight the Dutch settlers who invaded their homeland
e. were known for their pacifism, even in the face of almost certain destruction
All of the following are true of the English Quakers EXCEPT that they:

a. counted William Penn among their number
b. followed charismatic preachers
c. refused to take oaths
d. suffered great persecution
e. were pacifists
The colony of Pennsylvania

a. was open to all religious believers
b. was populated solely by the English
c. was governed by Quaker ministers
d. was based upon lands seized from the Indians
e. was considered part of New England
Which of the following is NOT true of Georgia?

a. It was to serve as a military buffer against Spanish Florida.
b. James Oglethorpe led the initial settlers.
c. It was the last of the English colonies to be established.
d. Its first permanent settlement was Savannah.
e. It succeeded in keeping out slavery.
By the early eighteenth century, the English colonies in North America:

a. were on the verge of independence from England
b. remained tiny outposts of civilization
c. were the most populous and prosperous on the continent
d. extended beyond the Appalachians
e. had eliminated their French and Spanish rivals