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Bio 100- Bacteria Vocab
An accepting surface
Tail like protruding structure which assists with movement
Layer outside of the cell wall in bacteria
Rigid layer surrounding the cell membrane
Organelle which produces proteins
Gel like substance which contains cell DNA
Small hair like protrusions from the cell which assist in movement- look fuzzy
Bacteria acquire vital nutrients from their environment
Consumes dead mater- type of heterotroph
Consumes living matter- type of heterotroph
Most bacteria are...
Bacteria synthesize their own food
Bacteria synthesize food from the energy from light
Bacteria synthesizes food from inorganic salt deposits
Bacterial duplication of DNA and cell division
What is the reproduction rate of E. Coli?
Doubling in size every twenty minutes
Most bacteria are ______ and don't cause humans _____.
Whooping Cough- 10% mortality rate; rising steadily due to anti vaccination panic
Lyme Disease- spread by deer tick
Bubonic Plague- killed 70% of Europe
E. Coli 0157:H7
Food Poisoning- causes kidney failure and death
Food Poisoning- potentially fatal to those with compromised immune systems
Botulism Poisoning- spores form without oxygen; creates neuro-toxin; used in Botox injections
Food Poisoning- highest fatality rate of food poisoning; 16 recent deaths in the US
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
Staph Infection (MRSA)- resistant to antibiotics; infection occurs in community settings
Nonliving infectious particle of DNA/RNA surrounded by a protein coat
Viruses require a _____ to ______.
A virus injects _________ into the host to make the cell reproduce __________.
Genetic Material; More Viruses
Causes sores- Type 1 causes sores of the mouth; Type 2 causes sores of the genitals
Rabies- 100% fatality rate if not treated with series of injections; spread by bodily fluids
AIDS- RNA virus that masks the body's immune system
Neuromuscular infection- Causes paralysis; Transmitted by fecal contaminated water
Hemorrhagic Fever- Causes bleeding from major orifices; 50-90% fatality rate
Human Papilloma Virus
Can cause cervical cancer; major strands prevented with vacciene