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Terms in this set (35)
What is a scientific construct that uses quantitative data to measure ecosystem condition and services, drivers of change, and human well being?
What makes a good indicator?
easily measured, gives important info, sensitive enough, reliable, monitored, easy to share
What are two indicators of well being
multidimensional, indices/maps of vulnerability
What indicator of well being includes info on basic materials, security, health, social relations?
What indicator of well being includes info on income, longevity, education, literacy,infant mortality, nr threats?
indices/maps of vulnerability
Indicators of well being target specific________ but not necessarily related to ecosystem services
What are the two steps of valuation?
assess what service is, chains of causality
In which step of valuation do you see what changes, how much it changes, when the change happens?
assess what service is
In which step of valuation do you see a change in productivity technique?
chains of causality
After you have assessed what the service is and found chains of causality what can you do?
How do you measure the benefits of ecosystem services to people?
What states that each individual is the best judge of how well off he or she is in a given situation and measures change in well being that are reflected in individuals valuation of the good or service?
What are the benefits we receive that are not just economic?
What 4 things make up the total economic value in valuation?
direct use, indirect use, option value, non use value
When determining total economic value what category includes consumptive and non consumptive, provisioning, cultural services?
When determining total economic value what category includes functions, regulating and supporting services?
When determining total economic value what category includes future direct and indirect, all services?
When determining total economic value what category includes biodiversity?
What is based on actual behavior reflecting utility maximization subject to constraints?
What are responses to hypothetical questions?
What are 4 types of revealed preferences?
health, cost of replacing service, hedonic, travel cost
What type of revealed preference includes loss of earnings, medical costs, hospital visits, and medication?
What type of revealed preference includes water filtration: restoration, treatment, purchase?
cost of replacing service
What type of revealed preference includes comparing prices of similar goods but with different services (aesthetics) example house w/view vs. no view?
What type of revealed preference includes total expenditures to a site?
What are 3 types of stated preferences?
contingent valuation, choice modeling, benefits transfer
What type of stated preference includes willingness to pay to obtain an environmental service, value and service, specific targeting?
What type of stated preference includes choosing among alternatives?
What type of stated preference includes estimates from similar situations?
In valuation you (can/cannot) combine methodologies
What are 5 critical issues in valuation?
flows vs capital value, double counting, scale/spatial distribution, intrinsic value, willing to pay vs willingness to accept
What type of critical issue in validation includes the endangered species act, value in and for itself, not on preferences?
What type of critical issue in validation is a property rights issue?
willingness to pay vs willingness to accept
What is the main goal of assessing value in valuation of ecosystem services?
What are three types of trade offs in valuation?
distributional issues, temporal issues, multiple criteria causality chains
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