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Chapter 6: The American Revolution

When the British attacked New York in late August 1776:

a. Washington ambushed and routed them
b. the American army was fortunate to escape into New Jersey
c. the Americans received French reinforcements just in time
d. Washington learned the superiority of the militia to regular troops
e. Washington met them with a larger, more experienced force
In August 1776, General Washington had 28,000 men under his command. By December, he had:

a. 35,000
b. 15,000
c. 13,000
d. 20,000
e. 3,000
Thomas Paine's The American Crisis:

a. stated the impossibility of beating the British
b. urged Congress to make Washington a temporary dictator
c. blamed Congress for the army's defeats
d. bolstered American morale
e. supplied Washington with battle plans
On Christmas night 1776, Washington crossed the Delaware to defeat the:

a. Loyalists
b. Hessians
c. British
d. Iroquois
e. all of the above
In late December 1776, George Washington was able to reverse American fortunes by:

a. recapturing New York City from the British
b. getting France and Spain to enter the conflict
c. convincing Congress to give the army all the resources it needed
d. winning battles at Trenton and Princeton
e. destroying a British force outside of Boston
Washington soon learned that the best hope of beating the British was:

a. inventing superior weapons
b. an attack on the British Isles
c. a long war of attrition
d. the use of guerrilla warfare
e. recruiting Indian allies
During the war, Benjamin Franklin's son, William:

a. was a prominent American general
b. stayed loyal to Britain
c. earned his father's admiration
d. deserted from the Continental army
e. served as minister to France
The Patriot militia:

a. basically won the war against the British
b. was completely worthless
c. frustrated Washington with their lack of discipline
d. enlisted for a three-year term of service
e. favored conventional European tactics in battle
The state militia units:

a. frequently mutinied and joined the British
b. provided the most seasoned troops of the war because of their past experience fighting the Indians
c. generally refused to ambush the British or to engage in hand-to-hand combat
d. were highly successful as organized units even though they refused to wear uniforms
e. often seemed to appear at crucial moments and then evaporate
Which of the following provided most of the money raised by the Continental Congress for the Revolution?

a. contributions from patriotic citizens
b. loans from foreign countries
c. new issues of paper money
d. requisitions from the states
e. direct taxes on the American people
Americans won a tremendous victory in October 1777 with the surrender at Saratoga of:

a. Benedict Arnold
b. Johnny Burgoyne
c. Banastre Tarleton
d. Lord Howe
e. Lord Cornwallis
The American victory at Saratoga resulted in:

a. serious peace negotiations with the British
b. a new invasion of Canada
c. France's entry on the American side
d. a huge increase in the size of the Continental army
e. Dutch entry on the American side
A problem with the Spanish entry into the Revolution against Britain was that Spain:

a. demanded that the United States surrender Georgia as the price for its help
b. demanded that the United States adopt monarchy
c. entered as an ally of France rather than of the United States
d. agreed to fight the British but only on the open seas
e. said it would attack only the British colonies in South America
The Baron von Steuben's contribution to the American cause was to:

a. use his fortune to pay the troops
b. drill American soldiers
c. instruct Washington in military strategy
d. supply the army with weapons
e. train the American cavalry
The Marquis de Lafayette served the American cause during the war as:

a. chief fundraiser in Europe
b. France's ambassador to Congress
c. leader of the attack on the British in Canada
d. Washington's most trusted aide
e. commander of the French navy
On the western frontier, Indian tribes such as the Mohawks, Shawnees, and Cherokees:

a. fled further west to escape the fighting
b. stayed neutral
c. switched sides constantly
d. supported the British
e. supported the Americans
American settlers who defended Kentucky were led by:

a. Ethan Allen
b. Daniel Boone
c. Francis Marion
d. George Rogers Clark
e. Andrew Jackson
The British shifted their military effort to the South:

a. to utilize the strength of local Tories
b. to fight in a milder climate
c. to protect their settlements in Florida
d. to utilize the strength of their navy
e. to destroy rebel plantations
The war in the South was characterized by:

a. massive civilian casualties
b. massive use of slave soldiers by the Americans
c. killing of prisoners by both sides
d. conventional military tactics
e. an unbroken series of British victories
An important American victory—"the turning point of the war in the South"—was at:

a. Savannah
b. Charleston
c. Kings Mountain
d. Vincennes
e. Camden
Benedict Arnold became notorious late in the war by:

a. trying to become a military dictator
b. questioning Washington's fitness for command
c. recruiting slaves into the American army
d. going over to the British
e. selling weapons to Indians
During the war, John Paul Jones became famous as an American:

a. sharpshooter
b. guerilla leader
c. spy
d. diplomat
e. naval commander
The American victory at Yorktown would have been impossible without:

a. British incompetence
b. favorable weather
c. French assistance
d. superior weapons
e. divine intervention
An important factor in the conclusion of the peace negotiations was the:

a. French decision to give Florida to Britain in return for Canada
b. British efforts to gain a major victory after Yorktown
c. American decision to negotiate separately with the British
d. support that the French gave to the Americans in the peace
e. decision to abandon claims to western lands
The peace treaty was signed in:

a. Amsterdam
b. Brussels
c. London
d. Madrid
e. Paris
Which of the following was NOT one of the provisions of the treaty ending the American Revolution?

a. Florida was given to Spain.
b. Americans were allowed to fish off the Canadian coast.
c. Congress would not prevent British merchants from collecting debts owed them by Americans.
d. Congress would restore all property confiscated from Loyalists during the war.
e. The Mississippi River was recognized as the western boundary of the United States.
The treaty with Britain that ended the Revolutionary War:

a. protected the rights of Loyalists
b. gave America a claim to Newfoundland
c. recognized American independence
d. imposed war damages on the British
e. gave Florida to the United States
Americans of the Revolutionary generation believed that a republic:

a. would give all white men the right to vote
b. was compatible with military dictatorship
c. was guaranteed to be stable and enduring
d. would grow into a democracy
e. required a virtuous citizenry
Most of the state constitutions adopted during the Revolution:

a. abolished slavery
b. gave governors extensive powers
c. granted universal manhood suffrage
d. were rejected by Congress
e. contained bills of rights
The Articles of Confederation were fully ratified and became effective:

a. in 1781
b. never
c. because most people wanted a strong central government
d. in 1776
e. in 1785
Which of the following was NOT a power of the national government under the Articles of Confederation?

a. to settle disputes between states
b. the right to levy taxes on trade and commerce
c. authority to coin money, run a postal service, and direct Indian affairs
d. control of government in the western territories
e. full authority over foreign affairs
The Revolution did all of the following EXCEPT:

a. establish American independence
b. limit opportunities to acquire land in the west
c. foster a spirit of social equality
d. lower property requirements for the vote
e. encourage greater participation in politics
Elite Virginians despised Lord Dunmore because of his:

a. arrogant British manners
b. harsh treatment of captured rebels
c. abolition of the slave trade
d. belief in true racial equality
e. offer of freedom to slaves who would join the British
During the period of the Revolution, a slave might gain his freedom:

a. if he served in the American army
b. if he joined the British
c. if it were granted by his master
d. if he successfully ran away
e. all of the above
In the era of the Revolution, the northern states:

a. outlawed racist language
b. sent many former slaves to Canada
c. took steps to abolish slavery
d. gave free blacks full equality
e. elected a number of free blacks to office
Abigail Adams's appeal to her husband John to "remember the Ladies":

a. proved her subordinate nature
b. revealed her political ambitions
c. resulted in more rights for women
d. showed her rejection of women's domestic role
e. was basically ignored
Because of associations with the British, the Revolution was especially detrimental to the status of the:

a. Anglicans
b. Quakers
c. Baptists
d. Presbyterians
e. Methodists
The Virginia Statute of Religious Freedom was written by:

a. Thomas Paine
b. Patrick Henry
c. John Adams
d. Thomas Jefferson
e. Alexander Hamilton
The Virginia Statute of Religious Freedom marked the general trend away from:

a. revivalism
b. belief in God
c. religious diversity
d. state-supported churches
e. public prayer
With the end of the war, many Americans viewed the United States as a:

a. temporary expedient until it could reunite with Britain
b. future imperial power
c. leader in science and technological innovation
d. nation with a special destiny
e. North American extension of Europe