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World Cultures Islam QUIZ pg 247- 263

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koran
primary sacred text and Islam's earthly center
Suras
chapters
Hijra
emigration
Sunna
the teching of the Koran and muhammaad
Sufi
immanent nature of Allah is the special achievement of a muslim mystic or sufi
Umma
Islam emphasizes the community of all muslims. know as the UMMA this community
Shari'a
divine law
Five Pillars of Islam
order and clarity of the directives for living righteously.
Shahada
1st pillar, central creedal, the confession of faith
mosque
a structure that traditionally includes a prayer hall and an enclosed courtyard with towers
2nd Pillar
Prayer
Imam
leader
Ramadan
fasting takes place during ramadan, this it the 3rd pillar, 9th month of the islam year
4th Pillar
Wealth Sharing
Hajj
pilgrimage
Ka'ba
a stone cubical structure in the courtyard of the Great Mosque of Mecca
Jihad
exertion, struggle, principle that applies to all aspects of Ismlamic life' personal and social
caliphs
sucsessors that were voted in to lead muslims after muhammad died
al-jabar
algebra
Sunni
ppl who follow the established custom or sunna. common name for the form of Islam practiced by majority
Shi'i
partians of Ali
sufism
resfers to coarse wool
shaykh
a master and teacher
al- fana
extinction