Oral candidiasis, characterized by white adherent patches on the tongue, palate, and inner
aspects of the cheeks, is not uncommon in newborns. Candida albicans is the usual
causative organism. Oral candidiasis is usually a benign disorder in the newborn, often
confined to the oral and diaper regions. It is caused by a yeastlike organism and is treated
with good hygiene, application of a fungicide, and correction of any underlying disorder.
Thrush can be transmitted in several ways, including by maternal transmission during
delivery; person-to-person transmission; and contaminated bottles, hands, or other
ANS: B, C, E
To prevent accidental poisoning, parents should be taught to promptly discard empty
poison containers, know the number of the nearest poison control center and to caution
the child against eating nonedible items, such as plants. Parents should place all
potentially toxic agents, including cosmetics, personal care items, cleaning products,
pesticides, and medications in a locked cabinet, not in the garage. Parents should be
taught to never remove labels from containers of toxic substances.
ANS: A, B, D
To promote imaginative play for a 3-year-old child, the nurse should provide: dress-up
clothes, dolls, housekeeping toys, dollhouses, play-store toys, telephones, farm animals
and equipment, village sets, trains, trucks, cars, planes, hand puppets, or medical kits. A
100-piece jigsaw puzzle and a jump rope would be appropriate for a young, school-age
child but not a 3-year-old child.
ANS: A, B, E
School-age children become fascinated with complex board, card, or computer games
that they can play alone, with a best friend, or with a group. They also enjoy sewing,
cooking, carpentry, gardening, and creative activities such as painting.
7th EditionJulie S Snyder, Mariann M Harding 7th EditionGary A. Thibodeau, Kevin T. Patton 7th EditionJulie S Snyder, Linda Lilley, Shelly Collins 6th EditionDavid D Celentano, Moyses Szklo