54 terms

Poetry According to Petersen (just vocab)

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alliteration
repetition of initial consonant sounds
allusion
the author refers to a subject matter such as a place, event, or literary work by way of passing reference
anaphora
repetition of the initial word or words at the beginning of a phrase, clause, or sentence
antimetabole
chiasmus defined as the repetition of identical words in successive clauses in reverse order
apostrophe
adressing someone absent or something non-human as if it were alive and able to respond
assonance
repetition of sounds produced by vowels within a sentence or phrase
ballad
a usually simple narrative poem that recounts an exciting or dramatic episode and is composed to be sung
Blank verse
unrhymed iambic pentameter
Byronic Hero
wanderer, dark hero, traveling the world; Coolridge created byronic hero in the Mariner before the Byron gave it to us. Idealized but flawed character. melancholy, rebellious. There is a terrible thing in their past that haunts their present. Anti-hero
Cacophony
use of words and phrases that imply stong, harsh sounds within the phrase
Carpe Diem
latin for "seize the day;" a key component of the Cavalier poets
Consanance
repetition of sounds produced by consants within a sentence
enjambent
when an idea or sentence in poetry does not end at the end of the line and runs on to the next
End Stop
opposite of enjambment; phrase, clause, or sentence ends at the end of the line
Foot
by definition and by types of foot; eg.,pentameter. A ___ is a combination of accented and unaccented syllables
Frame tale
a tale within a tale: i.e. Rime of the Ancient Mariner
Free Verse
poetry containing no conventional pattern of rhyme, meter, or stanza
Hyperbole
specific words and phrases that exaggerate and overemphasize to produce a more noticeable effect
Incremental repition
words, phrases, clauses, lines written repeatedly throughout a stanza
Internal rhyme
a rhyme which occurs within a line
Verbal Irony
saying the opposite of what one means
Dramatic Irony
contrast between what the speaker says and what the author means; when the reader knows something the character(s) does not know
Situation Irony
discrepancy between the actual circumstances and those that would seem appropriate
Juxtaposition
places a person, concept, place, idea, or theme parallel to another
Litotes
an understated statement of an affirmative by using a negative description (Marvell, To His Coy Mistress)
Metaphor/Extended Metaphor
a word or phrase for one thing that is used to refer to another thing in order to show or suggest that they are similar
Metaphysical Conceit
very elaborate metaphor found usually in the metaphysical poems; e.g. the compass metaphor in "Valediction: A Forbidden Mourning"
Metonomy
the use of something closely related for the thing actually meant
Iambic meter
an unaccented syllable followed by and accented syllable
Trochaic meter
an accented syllable followed by an unaccented syllable
Dactylic meter
an accented syllable followed by two unaccented syllables
Anapestic meter
two unaccented syllables followed by an accented syllable
Spondee meter
two accented syllables together
Pyrrhic meter
two unaccented syllables together
Ode
poem that is basically an extended apostrophe in praise of something
Onomatopoeia
word imitates sound of object or action described
Oxymoron
apparently contradictory terms appear in conjunction
paradox
the use of concepts/ideas that are contradictory to one another, yet, when placed together they hold significant value on several levels
parallelism/parallel structure
words, phrases, clauses, sentences, paragraphs are arranged to that elements of equal importance are balanced; syntactical structures are the same
Personification
attributing human qualities, characteristics, and actions to inhuman things
Quatrain
any arrangement of four lines unified by a rhyme scheme
Sonnet
14 lines of iambic pentameter
Petrarchan (Italian)
Shakespearean (English)
Spenserian Stanza
9 lines; first 8 lines are in iambic pentameter, last line is in alexandrine ( line of iambic hexameter); 3 rhyming sounds (abab,bcbc,c)
Stanza
a group of lines of verse treated as a unit and separated from others by a space
Similie
comparison using like or as
aynecdoche
substituting a part for the whole
synesthesia
blending or intermingling of the senses
symbol
concrete idea
Terza Rima
line pattern of 3 lines, each having an interlocking rhyme pattern (aba, bcb, cdc)
Cavalier poems
carpe diem, lighthearted, lyrical, witty
Herrick and Marvell
Metaphysical poems
intellectual argument, irregular in meter, more complex
Donne
Romantic poems
nature, power of the imagination
Anglo Saxon traits
wyrd (fate)
(Wordsworth's Definition of) Poetry
The spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings; it takes its origin from emotion recollected in tranquility
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