Psych Soc Quiz 1

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Individual/ Personal Identity
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Terms in this set (68)
impact of mindfulness on emotional reactionsstaying presenting in the moment reduces the amount of "catch up" that the cortex needs to do, allow for more rational and appropriate reactions5 aspects of mindfullness(AAPEF) aware, present, focused, embodied, acceptingwhat are the 7 mindful attitudesbeginners mind non judging acceptance letting go trust patience non-striving + (gratitude and generosity)characteristics of mindfull healthcare practicionersstrong sense of self comfort with uncertainty open minded accepting non judgmental patient non intrusive practical problem solving orientation non reactionary calm flexible curious creative serenity peaceful4 Steps to develop mindfulnessstop, breathe, reflect, choose5 steps of the mindfulness processintrospection insight realization action positive changedescribe the relationship between mindfulness and emotional intelligenceincreased mindfulness is correlated with increased emotional intelligencewhat is emotional intelligence?the ability to assess and manage the emotions of ones self and othersList the 5 domains of emotional intelligence1. recognize a feeling as it happens 2. manage emotions 3. use emotions to reach a goal 4. have empathy for the emotions of others 5. handling relationshipsList strategies for developing emotional intelligence in the PTwitnessing becoming savvy to brain function self regulation life story insightful development new realities personal strategyWhat types of benefits does gratitude yield?physical benefits social benefits psychological benefits structural brain changeswhat are the physical benefits of gratitude?increased immune function, decreased aches and pains, improved BP regulation and cardiac function, improved sleep/ wake cyclesWhat are the psychological benefits of gratitude?improved mood, increased awareness, increased self satisfactionwhat are the social benefits of gratitude?better communication, improved empathy, stronger interpersonal relationships, increased likabilitywhat changes occur in the brain as a result of gratitude?reduced fear and anxiety, decreased stress hormones, increased dopamine and serotonin, increased neural connections to the bliss centerswhat neurotransmitters are impacted by gratitude and how?serotonin and dopamine are increasedwhat is the therapeutic relationship?connection between the patient and care provider that consists of mutual understanding and collaborationwhat is the primary factor of influence in the therapeutic relationship?the therapist's perception of selfhow is the concept of self used to influence the therapeutic relationship?planned use of personality, insights, perceptions, judgements and therapeutic process conveys confidence to the clientwhat is self differentiation?the ability to separate the individual from othersHow does carl rogers perceive personality development?influenced by experience and perceived sense of selfwhat does it mean to be congruent?to have balance between experience and sense of selfDefine Family systems theorystates that families are interconnected systems of individuals that cannot be understood in isolation from the systemwhat components make up the family script?norms, roles, rules (spoken and unspoken), myths, patterns of behaviorhow do families act in times of stress?they pull back towards the typical roles and rules of the family, tendency to keep doing what they've always done to maintain homeostasishow does mindfulness impact the family system?helps the individual to differentiate themself from their family of origindescribe carl roger's theory of person centered care using humanistic principlesrespect the clients values, preferences, and expressed needs, use person first language and respond with genuineness, preserve client dignity, and have compassionWhat are Taylor and Taylor's strategies for developing emotional supportlisten to clients and their individual story, be fully present with no distractions, provide just the right challenge, acknowledge shared social reality, acknowledge sources of supportwhat are therapeutic boundariesa set of rules/ guidelines that separates the therapist's sense of self from that of the clientdefine clear boundariesmutual exchange of feedback, there is capacity for impact of one individual on another, each person has a sense of their own individual needs, sense of individual identitiydefine loose boundariesrules are fuzzy, no differentiation between individuals, sympathy vs empathy, potential for enmeshmentdefine rigid boundariesdistance between the individuals, one sided communication, no capacity for mutual exchange, often directive or authoritative in naturewhat is the purpose of therapeutic boundariesprovide physical, social, and financial limits, facilitate the therapeutic process, safety, protect integrity of therapist and clientwhat components make up the therapeutic framerules, policies, safe environment, agreementsdifferentiate between interpersonal and intrapersonal intelligenceINTRA: understanding of ones own feelings and emotions, and how we use them to guide behavior, INTER: understanding of the feelings of others, recognition of change in emotionsvaluesstrong beliefs and attitudes that guide behaviorvalue behaviors vs need behaviorsvalue behaviors require individuals to reflect upon their choices and are more mature/ less impulsiveList and define the types of valuesNon-moral behaviors: values that lead to personal preference moral values: how we interact with and relate to other human beings professional core values: adopted by professions to guide behavior organizational core values: adopted by organizations to guide behaviorsList the 7 APTA core valuesExcellence Altruism Accountability Professional Duty Integrity Compassion/ caring Social responsibilitywhat values disrupt the therapeutic relationshipdisrespect perfectionism/ rigidity depersonalization prejudice stereotype breach of confidentiality dependenceHow to respond to a conflict of valueskeep core values of the organization in mind, stay mindful and in the moment to avoid acting impulsively, maintain appropriate boundarieslist the 5 categories of social determinants of healthaccess and quality of education access and quality of health care income built environment social communityImplicit vs explicit biasImplicit: unconscious bias Explicit: conscious bias often arises from a perceived threatattidudesfavorable or unfavorable emotions that strongly predict behaviorsdefine stigma and prejudiceprejudice: poor attitudes towards an individual due to a group they belong to Stigma: negative attitude associated with a circumstance, quality, or personList the CID triggered responsesshock, anxiety, denial, depression, anger/ hostility, adjustmentList the steps of the adaptation process1. Shock 2. Anxiety 3. Denial 4. Depression 5. Internalized anger 6. externalized hostility 7. Acknowledgement 8. AdjustmentDescribe Shockstep 1 of the adaptation process initial reaction secondary to an overwhelming experience results in cognitive disorientationDescribe the anxiety phaseStage 2 of the adaptation process panic stricken state that results in increased HR, blood pressure, and hyperventilationwhat are the physical manifestations of anxiety?increased HR and BP, hyperventilation (shallow, rapid breathing)Describe the denial phaseStage 3 of the adaptive process defensive mechanism in which patient refuses to acknowledge the full reality/ severity of the situation, often consists of wishful thinking and inattentivenessDescribe the depressive phasestage 4 of the adaptive process characterized by feelings of hopelessness, despair, isolation, and self deprecationWhen does depression/ denial become clinical/ abnormal?when it persists for extended periods of time, when it interferes with multiple aspects of life, when loss of function of disruption of daily activity is observeddescribe the internalized anger phasePhase 5 of the adaptive process characterized by self blame and negative self talk, may result in self harmdescribe the external hostility phasestage 6 of the adaptation process retaliation against functional limitations anger directed at others and outward blamingDescribe the acknowledgement phasestage 7 of the adaptive process first step towards acceptance of the condition expresses a sense of hope gains new sense of self, restoration of values seeking new meaning and goalsdescribe the adjustment phaseStage 8 of the adaptive process emotional acceptance of ones self sociobehavioral reintegration positive self worth pursuit of goals and successfully overcomes obstacleslist factors that impact adaptationpre-morbid personality resiliency problem solving ability coping style social environment and factors family script