The time when human beings first domesticated plants and animals and no longer relied entirely on hunting and gathering
The process of change in a society's population from a condition of high crude birth and death rates and low rate of natural increase to a condition of low crude birth and death rates, low rate of natural increase, and a higher total population.
The number of people under the age of 15 and over age 64, compares to the number of people active in the labor force.
The number of years needed to double a population, assuming a constant rate of natural increase.
Branch of medical science concerned with the incidence, distribution, and control of diseases that affect large numbers of people.
A series of improvements in industrial technology that transformed the process of manufacturing goods.
The number of a people in an area exceeds the capacity of the environment to support life at a decent standard of living.
The average number of years an individual can be expected to live, given current social, economic, and medical conditions. Life expectancy at birth is the average number of years a newborn infant can expect to live.
Medical technology invented in Europe and North America that is diffused to the poorer countries of Latin America, Asia, and Africa.
natural increase rate
The percentage growth of a population in a year, computed as the crude birth rate minus the crude death rate.
The number of people per unit of area of arable land, which is land suitable for agriculture.
total fertility rate
The average number of children a woman will have throughout her childbearing years.
zero population growth
A decline of the total fertility rate to the point where the natural increase rate equals zero.
migration of people to a specific location because relatives or members of the same nationality previously migrated there
The area subject to flooding during a given number of years according to historical trends.
Workers who migrate to the more developed countries of Northern and Western Europe, usually from Southern of Eastern Europe or from North Africa, in search of higher-paying jobs.
Change in the migration pattern in a society that results from industrialization, population growth, and other social and economic changes that also produce the demographic transition.
In reference to migration, a law that places maximum limits on the number of people who can immigrate to a country each year
People who are forced to migrate from their home country and cannot return for fear of persecution because of their race, religion, nationality, membership in a social group, or political opinion.