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African Music, African American Music During Slavery
Part of everyday life
Heterogeneous Sound Ideal
Complex interaction of contrasting musical elements
Call & Response
Statement by singer or instrumentalist followed by others
Screams, Moans, & Shouts
Creating lyrics or melody spontaneously
Using vocal Sounds for rythmic purposes
(b3, and b7) used within a diatonic system similar to the wester musical tradition
Male voice above usual range
Accenting weak beats rather than strong beats
Using the human body as a precussive instrument
Precussion made from a material that has its own unique sound
African Wind Instruments
The name given to professional musicians in Africa
Gathering place in New Orleans where slaves went on Sundays to drum, dance
Creating sounds on the human body
Banjo & Fiddle
Instruments used by slaves
Term given to slaves who were professional musicians
Song sung or chanted by workers in rythym to their work
Call and respones songs sung by workers. Lead singer (forman) sang lyric to direct work.
Religious songs that offered slaves; Biblical stories as metaphors for liberation, Hope for a better life, helped preserve African cultural memories.
English composer whose hymns were popular with African Americans
Scottish custom of learning by rote
Large multi-day outdoor religious celebrations
Shuffling circular dance of chanting and hand clapping
Fisk Jubilee Singers
Helped popularize spirituals in the 19th century.