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27 terms

African Music, African American Music During Slavery

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Vernacular Music
Part of everyday life
Heterogeneous Sound Ideal
Complex interaction of contrasting musical elements
Call & Response
Statement by singer or instrumentalist followed by others
Guttural Effects
Screams, Moans, & Shouts
Lyric Improvization
Creating lyrics or melody spontaneously
Vocal Rythmization
Using vocal Sounds for rythmic purposes
Blue Notes
(b3, and b7) used within a diatonic system similar to the wester musical tradition
Falsetto
Male voice above usual range
Syncopation
Accenting weak beats rather than strong beats
Body Rythyms
Using the human body as a precussive instrument
Membraphones
African Drums
Idiophones
Precussion made from a material that has its own unique sound
Aerophones
African Wind Instruments
Chordophones
String Instruments
Griots
The name given to professional musicians in Africa
Congo Square
Gathering place in New Orleans where slaves went on Sundays to drum, dance
Patting Juba
Creating sounds on the human body
Banjo & Fiddle
Instruments used by slaves
Musicaneers
Term given to slaves who were professional musicians
Field Holler
Song sung or chanted by workers in rythym to their work
Work Song
Call and respones songs sung by workers. Lead singer (forman) sang lyric to direct work.
Spirituals
Religious songs that offered slaves; Biblical stories as metaphors for liberation, Hope for a better life, helped preserve African cultural memories.
Isaac Watts
English composer whose hymns were popular with African Americans
Linning Out
Scottish custom of learning by rote
Camp Meetings
Large multi-day outdoor religious celebrations
Ring Shouts
Shuffling circular dance of chanting and hand clapping
Fisk Jubilee Singers
Helped popularize spirituals in the 19th century.