Named for its strength and density, the branches of this shrub were used to make arrows and spear shafts, and even sewing needles.
This tree produces wood that is good for canoe paddles, and leaves that, some believed, could be rubbed on the face of a young man to prevent the growth of whiskers.
Berries of this shrub could be mixed with bear grease to eat in the winter. You could also fashion its sturdy little leaves into temporary drinking cups.
Providing the best fuel to smoke fish, this tree also provided a red pigment that could be used for dye.
The skin of the fruit(the "hips") of this flowering plant provided a little nutrition in times of famine. But caution was advised because too much ingestion of the fibrous seeds could lead to "itchy bottom".
Called the "Tree of Life", this beautiful conifer was used in making major artifacts of Native American culture such as totem poles, canoes, and the planks of long houses. The bark could be fashioned into clothing.
Although the wood from this common tree was used for fuel, its sap was also used as a primitive form of caulk, sealing holes in canoes. It could also be applied to sticks used as torches.