How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

67 terms

Language of Medicine Ch. 7

STUDY
PLAY
arteriole
small artery
calyx/calix
cup-like region of renal pelvis
catheter
tube for injecting or removing fluids
cortex
outer region of an organ
creatinine
nitrogenous waste excreted in urine
electrolyte
K+ and Na+, carries charge when dissolved in water
erythropoetin
secreted by kidney, stims prod of RBC
filtration
process, some substances pass through, not all, diffusion
glomerular capsule
collects material filtered by blood through walls of glomerulus
glomerulus
tiny ball of capillaries in kidney
hilum
depression in organ where blood vessels & nerves enter & exit
kidney
filters nitrogenous wastes from bloodstream to form urine
meatus
opening or canal
medulla
inner region of an organ
nephron
filtration, reabsorption & secretion take place here
nitrogenous waste
substance containing nitrogen & excreting in urine
potassium
electrolyte regulated by kidney to maintain proper balance w/ blood. essential for muscle contraction and conduction of nerve impulses
reabsorption
materials necessary to body returned to bloodstream
renal artery
blood vessel carries blood to kidneys
renal pelvis
central collecting region in kidney
renal tubule
microscopic tubes in kidney where urine is formed after filtration
renal vein
blood vessel, carries blood away from kidney --> heart
renin
hormone secreted by kidney, raises blood pressure
sodium
electrolyte regulated in blood & urine by kidneys, needed for nerve impulses, heart activity, & other metabolic functions
trigone
triangular area in urinary bladder
urea
major nitrogenous waste
ureter
tube leading from kidney to urinary bladder
urethra
tube from urinary bladder to outside of body
uric acid
nitrogenous waste
urinary bladder
muscular, hollow sac, holds/stores urine
urination
process of expelling urine
cali(c)/o
calyx
cyst/o & vesic/o
urinary bladder
glomerul/o
glomerulus
meat/o
meatus
nephr/o
kidney
pyel/o
renal pelvis
ren/o
kidney
trigon/o
trigone
ureter/o
ureter
urethr/o
urethra
albumin/o
albumin
azot/o
nitrogen
bacteri/o
bacteria
dips/o
thirst
kal
potassium
ket/o, keton
ketone bodies
lith
stone
natr
sodium
noct
night
olig
scanty
-poietin
substance that forms
py
pus
-tripsy
crushing
ur, urin
urine
-uria
urination, urine condition
glomerulonephritis
inflammation of the glomeruli of kidney
nephrolitiasis
kidney stones
polycystic kidney disease
multiple fluid sacs within/on kidney
pyelonephritis
inflammation of the lining of the renal pelvis and renal parenchyma
renal hypertension
high bp resulting from kidney disease
diabetes insipidus
antidiuretic hormone is not secreted adequately, or kidney is resistant to its effect
diabetes mellitus
insulin is not secreted adequately, not used properly
retrograde pyelogram
x-ray of renal pelvis and uretters after injection of contrast through a urinary catheter
cystoscopy
visualization of urethra and urinary bladder
dialysis
process of separating nitrogenous waste from blood
urinary catherization
passage of flexible tube through urethra to urinary bladder