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22 terms

Chapter 3: The Age of Exploration

Vocabulary
STUDY
PLAY
technology
the use of scientific knowledge and tools to make or do something
navigation
the science of planning and following a route
expedition
a trip taken with the goal of exploring
empire
lands ruled by the nation that won control over them
entrepreneur
a person who sets up and runs a business
Reconquista
the movement to make Spain all catholic
isthmus
a narrow strip of land that connects two larger lands
treaty
an agreement between countries
grant
a sum of money or other payment given for a particular purpose
conquistador
any of the spanish conquerors in the Americas during the early 1500's
reform
to change for the better
Reformation
a Christian movement that began in 16th century europe to change the Catholic church
missionary
a religious teacher sent out by a church to spread its religon
Northwest Passage
a waterway in North America thought to connect the Atlantic Ocean and the Pacific ocean
mutiny
rebellion against the leader of one's group
cost
the effort made to achieve or gain something
benefit
something that is gained
Counter-Reformation
a time when the Catholic church banned books that were against its teachings and used its courts to punish people who protested Catholic rules and beliefs.
fact
a statement that can be checked and proved to be true.
opinion
a statement that tells what a person thinks or believes
elevation
the height of land in relation to sea level
contour line
a line on a drawing or map that connects all points of equal elevation