26 terms

Comd 2050 ch. 3 Parr

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Articulation phonetics
how speech sounds are produced
Acoustic phonetics
physical properties of speech sounds
Auditory phonetics
perception of sounds
Voiceless
vocal folds are open allowing air to pass through easily
"S" "F"
Voiced
vocal folds are drawn together creating a vibrating effect when air passes through
"V" "Z"
Bilabial
both lips
Labiodentals
upper teeth and lower lip
Dentals
tongue tip behind upper teeth or between teeth
Alveolars
the front part of the tongue on the alveolar ridge
Palatals
the tongue and the hard palate
Velars
the back of the tongue on the velum
Glottals
using the glottis, the open space between the vocal folds
Theta
voiceless dental
bath, teeth
Eth
voiced dental
bathe, the
Interdentals
when the tongue tip is between the teeth
Manners of articulation
stops, fricatives, affrictives, nasals, liquids, glides
Stops
plosives, air flow stopped briefly then released
Fricatives
air flow restricted resulting in friction
Affrictives
combination of stop and fricative
Nasals
air flows out of the nasal cavity when velum is lowered
Liquids
air flows around the tongue
Glides
tongue is in motion to or from the position of a vowel
Glottal stops
space between the vocal folds closes briefly, then released
Flap
tongue tip taps the alveolar ridge briefly
Vowels
relatively free air flow
classified by vertical position and horizontal position
typically voiced
Dipthongs
combination of two vowels
buy, sigh, eye