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The American Revolution

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Preamble
The portion of the Declaration of Independence where Thomas Jefferson shares the intention of the Continental Congress to state its reasons for revolting
Statement of Natural Rights
The portion of the Declaration of Independence where rights of any man are defined as natural and inalienable
List of the King's Wrongs
The portion of the Declaration of Independence where it listed the many grievance against the King, laying the problems of the conflict squarely at the throne - not Parliament
Statement of Declaration
The portion of the Declaration of Independence where it was stated that the colonies were no longer part of Great Britain, but instead states within a new nation
According to the Declaration of Independence when is it acceptable to abolish a government?
when the people's rights are no longer being protected
Valley Forge
The Continental Army's winter encampment
Thomas Paine
Author of Common Sense and The American Crisis
Mercenaries
Foreign troops hired to fight for the British - German Hessians!
George Washington
Commander of the Continental Army
Daniel Morgan
One of the most gifted battlefield tacticians of the American Revolutionary War, commanded the sharpshooters
Yorktown
The battle that caused the British to surrender, essentially ending the war
General Cornwallis
The British general forced to surrender at Yorktown - essentially the end of the war.
Bunker/Breeds Hill
The British victory in Boston
Marquis de Lafayette
A young, French nobleman who traveled with Washington and helped convince France to join with the Patriots
Henry Knox
American Revolutionary artillery commander
Battle of Saratoga
The Patriot victory that convinced the French to join the Americans - the turning point of the war
John Paul Jones
Led the first victorious assault on a British ship while at sea - the father of the American Navy
Treaty of Paris
The document that formally ended the American Revolution
Nathaniel Greene
Patriot general who forced the British out of Georgia & the Carolinas
Swamp Fox
Nickname given to patriot Francis Marion for his use of guerilla warfare
Battle of Trenton
Washington's surprise attack on German Hessians - a patriot victory
Patriots
Colonists who favored independence
Continental Army
The official name of General Washington's army
Benedict Arnold
The victorious general at Saratoga who later joined the British army as a traitor to the patriot cause
King George III
The King of England during the American Revolution
British Advantages
1. Army
2. Navy
3. Loyalist colonies
American Advantages
1. Armed colonists
2. French allies
3. Fighting on home turf, across the ocean from British supplies