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Terms in this set (29)
"Show Boat"-based on Edna Ferber novel and produced by Florenz Ziegfeld, Jerome Kern (music/composer), Oscar Hammerstein # (book/lyrics), 1927 music supports the plot and addresses issues in the story about adultery, racial issues, miscegenation, & murder; the Stock Market Crash of 1929 prevented further growth, first film version delayed until 1936
"Oklahoma"- 1943 Richard Rodgers (music), Oscar Hammerstein (book and lyrics), begins the "Golden Age" of American Musicals (Oklahoma 1943-Fiddler on the Roof 1964), songs fully integrated into plot, solo open show, dream ballet, American Art Form
"Sweeney Todd"- 1979 Stephen Sondeim, book by Hugh Wheeler, based on British Urban legend
Serious Music - production constructed as "sing through."
Dance as storytelling
person(s) who writes the words sung in a musical/song
person(s) who write the musical score
A musical in which the story is told through words and music
the text of a musical - both sung (melody line/parts) and spoken
a comical exaggeration, imitation of literary or dramatic work
white performers wearing burnt cork on their faces (blackface) while mocking African Americans
a performance containing a variety of disconnected acts. Similar to a talent show
a series of musical numbers connected by a theme (composer/choreographer/singer)
A dramatic form using stereotypical one dimensional characters which reinforce traditional middle class values -- "good" always wins and "evil" is always defeated
a "remounting" of a previously performed musical or play
production focused on past production or work of a signal or group of artists. No plot.
a musical that is based on a idea or "concept" rather than a story/plot
1866 Charles Barras - considered the first Musical.
French Ballet troupe to NYC - Theatre burns down. Black Crook was a spectacular, melodrama using huge ballet interludes, Faustian plot, 5 ½ hours long 4 Acts. Mixed popular music of the era and original music - pseudo classical in sound. Near nudity - tights shocking at time. The audience was 90% male. Revivals and tours across country for the rest of the Century.
British Comic Operetta
Music composed for specific production
**Example: Gilbert (Composer) and Sullivan (Lyricist)
G&S - "Pirates of Penzance" 1879 British Comic Opera. Dominant musical form for the rest of the 19th Century.
Influenced by G&S Victor Herbert - 1903 - Babes in Toyland 1920 -- Naughty Marietta
Musical Funny Girl based on her life. Burlesque "soubrette" performer - means she kept her clothes on
George M. Cohan
Turn of the century, Song and Dance man
Paul Lawrence Dunbar
musical with Will Marion Cook - 1898 "The Origin of the Cake Walk" still stereotypical use of African Americans at the time. Well received on Broadway for the time. Criticized for this but the African American community - much like Hansberry. This was before the 1920's Harlem Renaissance
1920's - George and Ira Gershwin - Jazz influence; "Lady Be Good" and "Funny Face"
Early Great Musical Team
Richard Rodgers (Composer) and Lorenz Hart (Lyricist)
"The Girl Friend" 1926
"Babes in Arms" 1937
"Pal Joey" 1940
Crossover from Book to Rock
Jerry Bock (Music) & Sheldon Harnick (Lyrics) "Fiddler on the Roof",'64 "She Loves Me" '63, - Don Quixote - "Man of La Mancha" '65
Beginning of/or Rock "Operas" focus on music - not plot
Examples: Cabaret, Godspell '70, JC Superstar 1971 (opened market to Brits)
Producer: Cameron MacIntosh
Pop Operas Webber and Charles Hart - Phantom of the Opera '87
Webber and Rice -- Cats '82, closed 2001
Les Miserable (Victor Hugo novel) 1987
Krezmer and Claude -Michel Schoenberg (Music)
Miss Saigon 1989 - Shire - (Book) Krezmer and Claude -Michel Schoenberg (Music)
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