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AP Psych Chapter 13 Emotions (practice questions)
Terms in this set (60)
Emotions consist of which components?
Physiological reactions, behavioral expressions, and conscious feelings
You are on your way to school to take a big exam. Suddenly, on noticing that your pulse is racing and that you are sweating, you feel nervous. With which theory of emotion is this experience most consistent?
Which theory of emotion emphasizes the simultaneous experience of body response and emotional feeling?
The Cannon-Bard theory of emotion states that:
The conscious experience of an emotion occurs at the same time as the body's physical reaction.
Schachter's two-factor theory emphasizes that emotion involves both:
Physical arousal and a cognitive label
After hitting a grand-slam home run, Mike noticed that his heart was pounding. Later that evening, after nearly having a collision while driving on the freeway, Mike again noticed that his heart was pounding. That he interpreted this reaction as fear, rather than as ecstasy, can best be explained by the:
Which theory of emotion implies that every emotion is associated with a unique physiological reaction?
Which of the following most accurately describes emotional arousal?
Emotions prepare the body to fight or flee
In an emergency situation, emotional arousal will result in:
Increased rate of respiration, increased blood sugar, and a slowing of digestion
After Brenda scolded her brother for forgetting to pick her up from school, the physical arousal that had accompanied her anger diminished. Which division of her nervous system mediated her physical relaxation?
Parasympathetic nervous system
Which division of the nervous system is especially involved in bringing about emotional arousal?
Sympathetic nervous system
The body's response to danger is triggered by the release of ___ by the ___ gland(s).
epinephrine and norepinephrine; adrenal
A relatively high level of arousal would be most likely to facilitate:
sprinting 100 meters
Which of the following is correct regarding the relationship between arousal and performance?
On easy tasks, performance is optimal when arousal is high.
A student is participating in an experiment concerned with physical responses that accompany emotions reports that her mouth is dry, her heart is racing, and she feels flushed. Can the emotion she is experiencing be determined?
No, it cannot be determined from the information given.
Concerning emotions and their accompanying body responses, which of the following appears to be true?
Many emotions involve similar body responses but have different underlying brain circuits.
Nine month old Nicole's left frontal lobe is more active than her right frontal lobe. We can expect that, all other things being equal, Nicole:
may be more cheerful than those with more active right frontal lobes
Julio was extremely angry when he came in for a routine EEG of his brain activity. When he later told this to his doctor, she was no longer concerned about the:
increased electrical activity in Julio's right hemisphere
When the scientist electrically stimulated one area of a monkey's brain, the monkey became enraged. When another electrode was activated, the monkey cowered in fear. The electrodes were most likely implanted in the:
Electrical stimulation of which brain region can produce terror or rage in cats?
In laboratory experiments, fear and joy:
increase heart rate and stimulate different facial muscles
People who are exuberant and persistently cheerful show increased activity in the brain's ___, which is rich in receptors for the neurotransmitter ___.
left frontal lobe; dopamine
Which of the following was not raised as a criticism of the James-Lange theory of emotion?
People with spinal cord injuries at the neck typically experience less emotion.
Two years ago Maria was in an automobile accident in which her spinal cord was severed, leaving her paralyzed from her neck down. Today, Maria finds that she experiences emotions less intensely than she did before her accident. This tends to support which theory of emotion?
In the Schachter-Singer experiment, which college men reported feeling an emotional change in the presence of the experimenter's highly emotional confederate?
those receiving a epinephrine but not expecting to feel physical arousal
Which of the following was not presented in the text as evidence that some emotional reactions involve no deliberate, rational thinking?
Arousal of the sympathetic nervous system will trigger an emotional reaction even when artificially induced by an injection of epinephrine.
Who will probably be angrier after getting a parking ticket?
Dan, who has just completed a tennis match
Several studies have shown that physical arousal can intensify just about any emotion. For example, when people who have been physically aroused by exercise are insulted, they often misattribute their arousal to the insult. This finding illustrates the importance of
cognitive labels of arousal in the conscious experience of emotions
The polygraph measures:
physiological indexes of arousal
Current estimates are that the polygraph is inaccurate approximately ___ of the time.
Many psychologists are opposed to the use of lie detectors because:
polygraphs cannot distinguish the various possible causes of arousal.
As part of her job interview, Han is asked to take a lie detector test. Jan politely refuses and points out that
a guilty person can be found innocent by the polygraph, an innocent person can be found guilty, and these tests are inaccurate one third of the time
Evidence that changes in facial expression can directly affect people's feelings and body states has convinced Robert Zajonc that:
cognition is not necessary for emotion
Law enforcement officials summits use a lie detector to assess a suspect's responses to details of the crime believed to be known only to the perpetrator. This is known as the:
guilty knowledge test
Research on nonverbal communication has revealed that:
facial expressions tend to be the same the world over, while gestures vary from culture to culture
Which of the following is true regarding gestures and facial expressions?
Facial expressions are universal; gestures, culture-specific
I am an emotionally literate person who is very accurate at reading others' nonverbal behavior, detecting lies, and describing my feelings. Who am I?
Children in New York, Nigeria, and New Zealand smile when they are happy an frown when they are sad. This suggests that:
facial expressions of emotion are universal and biologically determined.
With regard to emotions, Darwin believed that:
the expression of emotions helped our ancestors to survive, all humans express basic emotions using similar facial expressions, and human facial expressions of emotion retain elements of animals' emotional displays
Who is the least likely to display negative emotions openly?
Yoko, a dentist in Japan
In cultures that emphasize social interdependence:
negative emotions are rarely displayed
The candidate stepped before the hostile audience, panic written all over his face. It is likely that the candidate's facial expression caused him to experience:
an intensification of his fear
Izard believes that there are ___ basic emotions
Margaret is a finalist in the U.S. Ice Skating Championship. She is very excited about the competition and is feeling energized. More than likely, the two dimensions of her current emotions would be a ___ and ___.
positive valence; high arousal
Most human fears are:
For which of the following fears do humans appear to be biologically prepared?
fear of cliffs
In studying what makes people angry, James Averill found that most people become angry:
several times a week
Expressing anger can be adaptive when you:
first wait until the anger subsides, then deal with the situation in a civil manner.
Jane was so mad at her brother that she exploded at him when he entered her room. That she felt less angry afterward is best explained by the principle of:
Concerning the catharsis hypothesis, which of the following is true?
The arousal that accompanies unexpressed anger never dissipates
Catharsis will be most effective in reducing anger toward another person if:
your anger is directed specifically toward the person who angered you
As elderly Mr. Hooper crosses the busy intersection, he's stumbles and drops the packages he is carrying. Which passerby is most likely to help Mr. Hooper?
Bonnie, who graduated from college the day before
Research indicates that a person is most likely to be helpful to others if he or she:
A graph depicting the course of positive emotions over the hours of the day since waking would:
rise over the early hours and dissipate during the day's last several hours
Research suffuses that people generally experience the greatest well-being when they strive for:
intimacy and personal growth
When professor Simon acquired a spacious new office, he was overjoyed. Six months later, however, he was taking the office for granted. His behavior illustrates the:
adaptation level phenomenon
When students studied others who were worse off than themselves, they felt greater satisfaction with their own lives. This is an example of the principle of:
Cindy was happy with her promotion until she found out that Janice, who has the same amount of experience, receives a higher salary. Cindy's feelings are best explained according to the:
principle of relative deprivation
Which of the following is true regarding happiness?
People who are socially outgoing or who exercise regularly tend to be happier
Which of these factors have researchers not found to correlate with happiness?
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