Am. Government test
Terms in this set (31)
Article I section 8 gives what branch its expressed powers?
What amendment is the double jepordys amendment
The president is elected for how long of a term?
President-4 years, Senate-6 years, HOR- 2 years
The president has the power to declare war. True or false
What rights are granted in the declaration of independence?
Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of happiness and abolish a bad government.
What are goverments instituted to do?
Protect people's rights "Secure the rights of men"
Ancient political thought says man is by nature what
A political animal political and social
Modern political thought says the purpose of government is to what?
Protect your natural rights
Ancient political though says that man is by nature unequal while modern political thought says man is by nature equal.
What were the 2 plans for the us? What did these powers work to decide on?
NJ Plan, VA Plan. They decided on constitution (law and government) How the states will be represented in congress.
What plan did the federalist support? Why?
Virginia Plan-stronger national government
What is the difference between a bicameral and unicameral legistlature
Bi-passes laws out of two houses. Uni- passes laws out of one house.
Whhat compromise settled the debate between 2 plans?
What kind of government did the New Jersey plan represent
Unicameral legislature-limited government.
What is separation of powers?
Distinctive types of government powers, should be placed in separate hands, each branch has powers the other two don't.
The president appoints a court justice. How does congress "check" This power?
They approve the nomination.
The supreme court has the power of what?
Declare law unconstitutional (judicial review)
T/F Factions are natural reactions of human beings
Congress has the ultimate power to _____even over the president
Override a veto
What is a unitary, c federal government and an example of each?
Unitary-sovereighnty at 1 level (French provences) Federal- 2 soverighn -US (state/federal)
What is a block grant?
Lump sum of money for a general purpose (social welfare)
What is a categorical
Money for a specific purpose (lunch,books)
What is a wendate?
If you are receiving federal money you must abide by a law (ADA)American disability act
What is a condition of aid?
Attaching conditions to specific grant money (drinking age/highway fund)
What was the main argument between the federalists and anti federalists?
The Federalists felt that this addition wasn't necessary, because they believed that the Constitution as it stood only limited the government not the people. The Anti- Federalists claimed the Constitution gave the central government too much power, and without a Bill of Rights the people would be at risk of oppression.
How many representatives are there?
How many senators are there?
What is the 14th amendment?
The 14th Amendment to the Constitution was ratified on July 9, 1868, and granted citizenship to "all persons born or naturalized in the United States," which included former slaves recently freed.
each department should not be dependent on the other
What are factions?
groups of citizens, with interests contrary to the rights of others or the interests of the whole community
The authority conferred upon the states by the Tenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution and which the states delegate to their political subdivisions to enact measures to preserve and protect the safety, health, Welfare, and morals of the community.
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