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small groups of desert dwelling nomadic people on the Arabian Peninsula.


the holiest city of Islam; Muhammad's birthplace


A follower of the religion of Islam,believe in a god known as Allah.


It is the central religious text of Islam, Muslim Bible, spelled Qur'an.

Arabian Peninsula Climate

dry desert with some fertile valleys and mountains

Countries in Arabian Peninsula

Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and Yemen.

Where did Muhammad have his vision?


What did Mohammad see in his vision?

letters of fire written on a silk scroll

Who did Mohammad worry?

the rich and powerful, because he said that all should help the poor

Why did Mohammad go to Medina?

soldiers were trying to kill him


Muhammad's journey from Mecca to Medina

What helped the soldiers hide during the Hegira?

a spider web

Muhammad's teachings were written on what?

paper, leather, leaves


a clump of trees, fertile ground, water in a desert


angel who came to Muhammad


another name for Muhammad, or prophet, trustworthy one.

5 pillars of Islam

Shahadah (faith believe in Allah and Muhammad his prophet)
Salah (prayer 5 times a day),
Zakat (giving to the poor),
Sawm (fasting during Ramidam),
Hajj (pilgrimage to Mecca)

622 AD

beginning of Muslim calendar, date of the Hegira

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