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18 terms

Psychology Chapter 6 Quiz 3

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Gestalt
an organized whole; tendency to integrate pieces of info into meaningful wholes
Figure-Ground
organization of visual field into objects that stand out from surroundings
Depth Perception
ability to see in objects in 3 dimensions; judge distance
Visual Cliff
labratory device for testing depth perception in infants
Binocular Cues
depth cues that depend on the use of 2 eyes
Monocular Cues
depth cues available to either eye alone
Retinal Disparity
binocular cue for perceiving depth; greatest diff b/w 2 images
Convergence
simultaneous inward movement of both eyes toward each other, usually in an effort to maintain single binocular vision when viewing an object
Relative Size
if we assume two objects are similar in size, most people perceive the one that casts the smaller retinal image as farther away
Interposition
if one object partially blocks our view of another, we perceive it as closer
Relative Height
we perceive objects higher in our field of vision as farther away
Relative Motion
as we move, objects that are actually stable may appear to move
Linear Perspective
parallel lines appear to converge with distance
Perceptual Constancy
perceiving objects as unchanging, even in illumination changes
Perceptual Adaption
in vision, the ability to adjust an artifically displaced or even inverted visual field
Perceptual Set
a mental predisposition to perceive one thing and not another
ESP
extrasensory perception; the controversial claim that perception can occur apart from sensory input
Context
guides our perception of light and color, shapes perception, immediate context may trigger radically diff perceptions